List of Important Local Winds
local winds blow over a limited area. They are caused due to influence of local pressure gradient and terrain. The local winds blow between small, low, and high-pressure systems. These winds are influenced by local geographical conditions like distance from the ocean, lake, or mountain range, all these factors affect local winds.
List of some important Local winds over the world:
(A body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkans)
These are Cold, Gusty, North-easterly from eastern Europe to north-eastern Italy and north-western Balkans. The wind blows in gusts. The bora is most common during the winter.
Cold Wind, A blizzard is a severe snowstorm characterized by strong sustained winds of at least 56 km/h (35 mph) which lasts for a prolonged time.
|Mistral||From central France and the Alps to the Mediterranean||is a strong, cold, north-westerly wind|
|Norther||Texas, Gulf of Mexico to W. Caribbean||
These are cold, strong, northerly winds.
|Pampero||The Pampas of South America||Cold winds.|
Cold wind- north-easterly winds of long fetch, as opposed to diurnal coastal breezes. These gales are most frequent and dangerous in spring and autumn
These cool, dry north-easterly wind. It is associated with a regional low-pressure system.
|Purga||Russia||It is a Cold Wind|
|Khamsin||North Africa and Arabia||
The wind is hot, dry sandy, south-easterly. blows regularly at 50 days’ period. The wind affects Egypt and the Levant; similar winds, blowing in other parts of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the entire Mediterranean basin.
Hot dry wind characterized by dust-laden
|Chinook||Eastern slopes of Rockies
The USA- Canada
It is a warm and dry wind.
|Foehn||Alpine lands||dry, warm, down-slope wind.
Similar to chinook. The warmer climate of Switzerland, Southern Germany, and Austria is due to Foehn
Warm, dry wind. Blows through the slop of the Andes in Argentina.
|Elephanta||Malabar Coast of India||
Moist wind, strong southerly or south-easterly wind of India blows during the months of September and October and marks the onset of the southwest monsoon
|Santa Ana||South California||Hot wind|
|Loo||North India and Pakistan||
The Loo is a strong, dusty, gusty, hot, and dry summer wind from the west which blows over the western Indo-Gangetic Plain region of North India and Pakistan.
|Calima||The Canary Island Region||
The Calima is a hot, dust and sand-laden dry wind South to southeasterly.
|Sirocco, or jugo||From the Sahara to the Mediterranean sea||
It is Hot, Moist wind. sirocco is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe
|Solano||Sahara to Iberian peninsula||
The Solano is a hot, moist wind. It is an easterly to southeasterly wind.
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