States and Capitals in India

India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country.

The table contains the States and Capitals In India and related important facts:

State Capital Date of establishment
Arunachal Pradesh
  • Arunachal Pradesh is Popularly known as the ‘Land of the Dawn-lit-Mountains’.
  • Arunachal Pradesh is located between 26.28° N and 29.30° N and 91.20° E and 97.30° E longitude.
  • The state has an area of 83,743 km2.
  • Largest of seven sister states of North East India by area.
  • Borders the state of Assam and Nagaland to the South.
  • Located on the Northeastern tip of India and shares international borders with China, Bhutan in the West, and Burma (Myanmar) in the East.
  • The highest peak in this state is Kangto, at 7060 m.
  • The major rivers of Arunachal Pradesh are Kameng, Subansiri, Siang (Brahmaputra), Dibang, Lohit, and Noa Dihing rivers.
  • Arunachal Pradesh has 25 districts.
Itanagar 20 February 1987
  • Tripura is bordered by Assam and Mizoram to the east and by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west.
  • Tripura is the third-smallest state in the country, it covers an area of 10491 km2.
  • It extends from 22°56′N to 24°32′N, and 91°09′E to 92°20′E.
  • A number of rivers originate in the hills of Tripura and flow into Bangladesh. The Khowai, Dhalai, Manu, Juri, and Longai flow towards the north, the Gumti flows to the west and the Muhuri and Feni to the Southwest.
  • It has eight districts.
Agartala 21 January 1972
  • Nagaland shares borders with the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Assam in the west, Manipur in the south, and the Sagaing region of Myanmar (Burma) to the east.
  • The state covers an area of 16,579 km2.
  • Nagaland lies between 93°20′E and 95°15′E longitude and between 25°6′N and 27°4′N latitude.
  • The highest peak of the state is Mount Saramati at an elevation of 3,841 meters.
  • Rivers: Doyang and Diphu to the north, the Barak River in the southwest, dissects the entire state.


Kohima 01 December 1963
  • Manipur lies at a latitude of 23°83′N – 25°68′N and a longitude of 93°03′E – 94°78′E.
  • It covers an area of 22,327 km2.
  • It shares a boundary with the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west. It also shares an international border with Myanmar to its east.
  • Major river basins in Manipur: The state consists of four major river basins, the names Barak River Basin (Barak Valley) in the west, the Manipur River Basin in central Manipur, the Yu River Basin in the east, and a portion of the Lanye River Basin in the north.
Imphal 21 January 1972
  • Mizoram extends from 21°56′N to 24°31′N, and 92°16′E to 93°26′E.
  • The tropic of cancer runs through the state nearly to its middle.
  • It shares international borders with Myanmar and Bangladesh. The state shares domestic borders with Manipur, Assam, and Tripura.
Aizawl 20 February 1987
  • Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2.
  • It shares borders with Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Nagaland and Manipur to the east, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh to the south, and West Bengal to the west.
  • Assam was the first site for oil drilling in Asia.
  • Highest elevation- Chachar Hills.
Dispur 26 January 1950
  • Meghalaya is the wettest region of India.
  • Meghalaya is locatded at 25.57°N 91.88°E in India.
  • It covers an area of 22,429 km2
  • Important rivers in the Garo Hills region are Ganol, Dareng, Simsang, Nitai, and the Bhupai. The important rivers in the central and eastern sections of the plateau are Khri, Umtrew, Digaru, Umiam or Barapani, Kynshi, Mungi, etc.
  • The highest point in Meghalaya is Shillong Peak.
Shillong 21 January 1972
  • Sikkim shares a border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Koshi Provinces of Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south.
  • The highest elevation of the state is Kangchenjunga.
Gangtok 16 May 1975
Himachal Pradesh
  • Himachal Pradesh is situated between 30°22′N and 33°12′N latitude and 75°47′E and 79°04′E longitude.
  • It covers an area of 55,673 km2.
  • It shares borders with union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, Uttarakhand to the southeast, and a very narrow border with Uttar Pradesh to the south.
  • Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in Himachal Pradesh.
Shimla 25 January 1971
  • The state covers an area of 53,483 km2.
  • Uttarakhand is situated at latitude 28°43′N to 31°27′N
  • The state shares international boundaries with China (Tibet) in the north and Nepal in the east. It shares a boundary with the Indian state Himachal Pradesh in the northwest and Uttar Pradesh in the South.
  • Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand, the Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri.
  • Here Char Dham, along with Badrinath and Kedarnath is a holy pilgrimage for Hindus.
Dehradun/Gairsain 09 November 2000
  • Punjab extends from the latitude 29.30° North to 32.32° North and longitudes 73.55° East to 76.50° East.
  • The state covers an area of 50,362 km2.
  • Punjab is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the northeast by Himachal Pradesh, and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan.
  • Of the five rivers of Punjab, the three named Sutlej, Beas, and Ravi flow through the Indian state. Sutlej and Ravi define parts of the international border with Pakistan.
  • The state covers an area of 4212 sq km
  • It was carved out of the state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on a linguistic basis.
  • Haryana is a landlocked state.
  • It is located between 27°39′N latitude and between 74°28′ and 77°36′E longitude.
  • It shares a border with Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, and Chandigarh.
Chandigarh 01 November 1966
Uttar Pradesh
  • This state covers an area of 2,43,286 sq km.
  • 75 districts are there in UP.
  • The state shares boundaries with Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and an international border with Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the South, and Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast.
  • Uttar Pradesh has more than 32 large and small rivers. Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sarayu, Betwa, and Ghaghara are of larger religious importance in Hinduism.
Lucknow 24 January 1950
  • The state covers an area of 94,163 sq km.
  • Bihar shares a border with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the North, West Bengal to the east, and Jharkhand to the south.
  • The Bihar Plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east.
  • Located between latitudes 24°20′10″N and 27°31′15″N and longitude 83°19′50″E and 88°17′40″E
Patna 22 March 1912
  • Jharkhand covers an area of 79714 sq km.
  • The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east.
  • The state is known for its waterfalls, hills, and holy places: Baidyanath Dham, Parasnath and Rajrappa are major religious sites.
  • Much of Jharkhand lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau.
  • Rivers Damodar, North Koel, Barakar, South Koel, Sankh, and Subarnarekha passes through the Chota Nagpur plateau.

Ranchi 15 November 2000
West Bengal
  • The state covers an area of 88,752 sq km.
  • West Bengal is situated along the Bay of Bengal.
  • It shares borders with Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north.
  • West Bengal also shares borders with the Indian states of Jharkhand, Odisha, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam.
  • The main river in West Bengal is the Ganges, which divides into two branches- Padma, which enters Bangladesh, and the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River.
Kolkata 26 January 1950
  • The state covers an area of 155,707 sq km.
  • Odisha lies between the latitudes 17.780N and 22.730N, and longitudes 81.37E and 87.53E.
Bhubaneshwar 1 April 1936
Madhya Pradesh
  • Madhyapradesh covers an area of 3,08000 sq km.
  • The state borders the state of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the east, Maharashtra to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.
  • It lies between the latitude of 21.6°N–26.30°N and longitude of 74°9’E–82°48’E.
Bhopal 01 Nov. 1956
  • Chattishgarh is a landlocked state in Central India.
  • It covers an area of 135,192 sq km.
  • The state borders seven states – Uttar Pradesh to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the northwest, Maharashtra to the southwest, Jharkhand to the northeast, Odisha to the east, and Telangana and Andhra Pradesh to the south.
Raipur 01 November 2000
  • This state has an area of 342,239 sq km.
  •  It is bounded on the west and northwest by Pakistan, on the north and northeast by the states of Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, and on the southwest by the state of Gujarat
  • The Tropic of Cancer passes through its southern tip in the Banswara district.

To know more about Rajasthan:

Jaipur 30 March 1949
  • The state covers an area of 196,000 sq km.
  • Gujarat is bordered by Pakistan and Rajasthan in the northeast, Madhya Pradesh in the east, and Maharashtra and the Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli in the south.
  • The Arabian Sea borders the state both to the west and the southwest.
  • The is located on the western coast of India and has the longest coastline of 1,600 km.
Gandhinagar 01 May 1960
  • The state covers an area of 307,713 sq km.
  • Maharashtra is the third-largest state by area in India.
  • The state is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian states of Karnataka and Goa to the south, Telangana to the southeast, Chhattisgarh to the east, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to the north, and UTs Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu to the northwest.
  • The State lies between 15°35′ N to 22°02′ N latitude and 72°36′ E to 80°54′ E longitude
Mumbai 01 May 1960
  • Karnataka is a state in the southwestern region of India.
  • The state shares borders with Lakshadweep Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the southwest.
  • Karnataka covers an area of 191,791 sq km.
Bangalore 01 November 1956
  • The state is situated on the southwestern coast of India, within the Konkan region, geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats.
  • Goa is the smallest state in India.
  • It is bound by the Indian states of Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea in the west.
  •  It lies between the latitudes 14°53′54″ N and 15°40′00″ N and longitudes 73°40′33″ E and 74°20′13″ E.
Panaji 30 May 1960
  • It is a state on the Malabar coast of India.
  • Kerala covers an area of 38,863 sq km.
  • The state is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west.
Thiruvananthapuram 01 November 1956
Tamil Nadu
  • The southernmost state of India is Tamil Nadu.
  • Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,o58 sq km.
  • The state shares borders with Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, and Andhra Pradesh to the north.
  • To the east are the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry.
  • The southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula is Kanyakumari which is the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean.
Chennai 26 January 1950
Andhra Pradesh
  • Andhra Pradesh is in the southern coastal region of India.
  • The state covers an area of 162,975 sq km.
  • Andhra Pradesh is bordered by Telangana to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the north, Odisha to the northeast, Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the west, and the Bay of Bengal to the east.
  • The state has the second longest coastline in India after Gujarat.
  • Andhra Pradesh was the first state to be formed on a linguistic basis in India.
  • Andhra Pradesh lies between 12°41′ and 19.07°N latitude and 77° and 84°40’E longitude.
Amrawati 01 October 1953
  • The covers an area of 112,077 sq km.
  • Telangana shares its border with Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the northeast, Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south.
Hyderabad 02 June 2014
Union Territories and Capitals
Jammu-Kashmir Srinagar/Jammu 31 October 2019
Ladakh Leh 31 October 2019
Delhi New Delhi
Puducherry Puducherry
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
Chandigarh Chandigarh 01 November 1966
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman 26 Jan 2020
Lakshadweep Kavaratti 01 November 1956


States and Capitals in India: Map showing states and capital in India

States and Capitals in India




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Rivers of India and their main tributaries

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