SDG (Sustainable Developments Goals) India Index 2020-21
The third edition of the SDG India Index and Dashboard 2020–21 is released by NITI Aayog. NITI Aayog Vice Chairperson Dr. Rajiv Kumar launched the report titled, SDG India Index and Dashboard 2020–21: Partnerships in the Decade of Action
What is SDG Index India?
SDG Index Launched by NITI Aayog in 2018, the index developed in collaboration with United Nations, to monitor the country’s progress on the goals through data-driven assessment, and it tracks the progress of all states and Union Territories (UTs) on a set of 62 National Indicators, measuring their progress on the outcome of interventions and Government schemes.
The index represents the articulation of the comprehensive nature of the Global Goals under the 2030 Agenda while being attuned to the national priorities. The modular nature of the index has become a policy tool and a ready reckoner for gauging the progress of States and UTs on the expansive nature of the Goals, including health, education, gender, economic growth, institutions, climate change, and environment.
- NITI Aayog has the mandate to oversee the adoption and monitoring of the SDGs in the country, and also promote competitive and cooperative federalism among States and UTs.
- The United Nations General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015
Methodology for SDG Index in India
- It Computes goal-wise scores on 16 SDGs for each state and UTs.
- The Score range between 0-100, Higher the score of a state/UT, the Greater target achieved.
- State and UTs are classified into four categories based on their SDG India Index Score-
- Aspirant: 0-49
- Performer: 50-64
- Front –runner: 65-99
- Achiever: 100
SDG India Index and Dashboard 2020–21
The SDG India Index 2020–21, developed in collaboration with the United Nations in India, tracks the progress of all States and UTs on 115 indicators that are aligned to MoSPI’s National Indicator Framework (NIF)
- The country’s overall SDG score improved by 6 points—from 60 in 2019 to 66 in 2020–21.
- This positive stride towards achieving the targets is largely driven by exemplary country-wide performance in Goal 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation) and Goal 7(Affordable and Clean Energy), where the composite Goal scores are 83 and 92, respectively.
- Currently, there are no states in the aspirant and Achiever category; 15 states/ UTs are in the performer category and 22states/UTs in the front runner category.
- The SDG India Index2020–21 is also live on an online dashboard, which has cross-sectoral relevance across policy, civil society, business, and academia.
State wise Performance:
- Kerala retained its Position at top of the ranking in the third edition of the Index with a score of 75, followed by Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh, both scored 72.
- Bihar, Jharkhand, and Assam were the worst performing State.
- Mizoram, Haryana, and Uttarakhand are the top gainers in 2020–21in terms of improvement in score from 2019, with an increase of 12, 10, and 8 points, respectively
Comparison with previous year Editions:
- The SDG India Index 2020–21 is more robust than the previous editions on account of wider coverage of targets and indicators with greater alignment with the NIF.
- The 115 indicators incorporate16 out of 17 SDGs, with a qualitative assessment on Goal 17, and cover 70 SDG targets.
- This is an improvement over the 2018–19 and 2019–20 editions of the index, which had utilized 62 indicators across 39 targets and 13 Goals, and 100 indicators across 54 targets and 16 Goals, respectively.
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