Indices published in 2020





Global Manufacturing Risk Index (MRI) 2020:

MRI publishes this report Annually for the Most Suitable location for Global Manufacturing Among 48 Countries in the Americas, Europe, and Asia-Pacific Which Score each country Against 20 Variables.
Cushman & Wakefield, USA 3rd China

Largest Military Spender Country in The World 2020 :

According to the latest report, Total global military expenditure increased in 2019 by 3.6 % than the previous year 2018 and It is the largest annual growth in military Expenditure since 2010.

Total Global military expenditure is $1917 Billion US$  in 2019. This is the first time that 2 ASIAN Nations are in the top 3 Largest Military Spenders in 2019.

The top five spenders on Militaries are holding 62% of total Expenditure. These countries are the USA, CHINA, INDIA, RUSSIA, SAUDI ARABIA.
SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), Sweden 3rd USA

Global Climate Risk Index 2020 :

Global Climate Risk Index published by the Germanwatch (Germanwath is an NGO based in Germany) Annually. The Global Climate Risk Index 2020 analyses to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heatwaves, etc.).
German watch Germany 5th Japan

Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2020:  

The CCPI evaluates 57 countries and the European Union, which together generate 90%+ of global greenhouse gas emissions. Using standardized criteria, the CCPI looks at four categories, with 14 indicators: Greenhouse Gas Emissions (40% of the overall score), Renewable Energy (20%), Energy Use (20%), and Climate Policy (20%).

The CCPI’s unique climate policy section evaluates countries’ progress in implementing policies working towards achieving the Paris Agreement goals.  
Germanwatch, CAN International, New Climate Institute 9th Sweden

Global Terrorism Index 2020:

The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is a report published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) and was developed by IT entrepreneur and IEP’s founder Steve Killelea in consultation with the Global Peace Index expert panel.

The index provides a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism since 2000. It is an attempt to systematically rank the nations of the world according to terrorist activity. 

The index combines a number of factors associated with terrorist attacks to build an explicit picture of the impact of terrorism, illustrating trends, and providing a data series for analysis by researchers and policymakers. 
Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), Sydney, Australia 8th Afghanistan

Global Happiness Survey 2020 :

Ipsos Group S.A. is a multinational market research and consulting firm with headquarters in Paris, France. The survey probed citizens of different markets to understand cues that are fountains of happiness.

Ipsos Global Happiness 2020 Survey has placed India 13th in the pecking order, among 27 markets from 27 countries covered in the survey.

With at least 3 in 5 Indians (66%) saying, they are happy. Global citizens are similarly placed, with 3 in 5 (63%) saying, they are happy.   “Health, employment, recognition, family ties, living conditions, finances, have a direct bearing on happiness, among Indians, and across markets,”  
Ipsos, France 13th China

World Happiness Report 2020 :

The World Happiness Report is a publication of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). The 2020 World Happiness Report, ranks 156 countries based on an average of three years of surveys between 2017 and 2019.

The 2020 report especially focuses on the environment – social, urban, and natural, and includes links between happiness and sustainable development.

INDIA ranked 144th as per the 2020 report.  Finland holds the rank of the happiest country in the world for the third consecutive year. It is followed by Denmark, Switzerland, Iceland, and Norway. Afghanistan received the lowest score, with South Sudan and Zimbabwe just above it.  
Sustainable Development Solutions Network, New York, United States 144th Finland

Startup Ecosystem Ranking Report 2020 :

Startup Blink is a global startup and innovation research Centre based in Zurich Switzerland. Since 2017, Startup Blink has been publishing reports ranking the startup ecosystems of 1,000 cities and 100 countries around the world.
Startup Blink, Germany 23rd USA

International Intellectual Property Index 2020:

Released annually by the US Chamber of Commerce Global Innovation Policy Centre (GIPC), the Index evaluates Intellectual Property rights in 53 global economies from patent and copyright policies to commercialization of IP assets and ratification of international treaties.

India ranked 40th in 2020, scoring 38.4 out of 100 on a set of 50 intellectual property-related indicators. The US, the UK, France, Germany, and Sweden are the top five economies on the IP Index in 2020  
US Chamber of Commerce’s Global Innovation Policy Center 40th USA

World Competitive Index 2020:

Switzerland-based International Institute for Management and Development’s (IMD) World Competitiveness Centre (WCC) has released a 32nd World Competitive Index 2020 report.

India continues to remain ranked 43rd with some traditional weaknesses like poor infrastructure and insufficient education investment keeping its ranking low.

India has ranked 41st on the IMD World Competitiveness Ranking every year since 1989. It slipped to 45th in 2017 but improved to 44th in 2018 and then to 43rd in 2019.
Institute for Management Development, Switzerland 43rd Singapore

World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2020 :

The IMD is an academic institution (Based in Switzerland) that has released the World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2020. It Measures the capacity and readiness of 63 economies to adopt and explore digital technologies as a key driver for economic transformation in business, government, and wider society.

The parameters measured included knowledge of advancements, availability, and usage of technology, and adaptive attitudes for future developments.  

India’s ranking in digital competitiveness fell to the 48th position in 2020 from 44 a year ago. India stood 12th amongst Asia-Pacific countries which include Singapore, Hong Kong, China, and Korea.   The top 5 ranked countries are the USA, Singapore, Denmark, Sweden, and Hong Kong SAR.  
Institute for Management Development, Switzerland 48th USA

Inclusive Internet Index 2020 :

The Inclusive Internet Index, commissioned by Facebook and developed by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EUI), seeks to measure the extent to which the Internet is not only accessible and affordable but also relevant to all, allowing usage that enables positive social and economic outcomes at the individual and group level.

Now in its 4th Year that is 2020, The Economic Intelligence Unit (EUI) Released the Inclusive Internet Index 2020 for 100 Countries where INDIA overall ranked 46th  and  Sweden is 1st, New Zealand 2nd, & the USA 3rd. Among South Asian countries India Ranks 1st followed by Sri Lanka,  Bangladesh & Pakistan.  
Commissioned by Facebook and conducted by the Economist Group 46th Sweden

Global Innovation Index 2020 :

The Global Innovation Index 2020 was jointly released by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Cornell University New York USA, and INSEAD Business School France. India is at the 48th position in the list of top 50 innovative countries for the first time.

The GII 2020 report is Annual and  It presents global innovation trends and the innovation performance of 131 economies.

The theme of the GII this year 2020 is  “Who Will Finance Innovation”?

Switzerland is the world’s most innovative economy followed by Sweden 2nd, the United States of America (U.S.) 3rd, the United Kingdom (U.K.) 4th, and the Netherlands 5th, according to the GII 2020. INDIA’s rank is 48th.  
World Intellectual Property Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; INSEAD Business School, France; and Cornell University, New York, US 48th Switzerland

Democracy Index 2020 :

The Democracy Index is published by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EUI) every year since 2006. The EIU Democracy Index Measures the democracy of  167 countries ( 165 independent states and two territories ) around the world. 

The Democracy Index is based on five categories: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, the functioning of government, political participation, and political culture.   Each country is then classified as one of four types of regime: full democracy, flawed democracy, hybrid regime, or authoritarian regime.  

Out of 167 countries, the Democracy Index classifies 23 countries as full democracies, 52 as flawed democracies, 35 as hybrid regimes, and 57 as authoritarian regimes.  

India has been classified as a ‘flawed democracy’ along with countries such as the US, France, Belgium, and Brazil. latest Democracy Index report titled “Democracy in sickness and in health?”.

India’s rank is 53rd and it falls 2 Place back than the previous year 2019. The top-ranked countries are  Norway with Iceland, Sweden, New Zealand, and Canada making up the top five.  
Economist Intelligence Unit, London, UK 53rd Norway
Global Talent Competitive Index (GTCI) 2020 :
Global Talent Competitive Index (GTCI) 2020 has been released by INSEAD Business School with the help of Google and Adecco Group at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) on January 22, 2020. INSEAD, a partner and sponsor of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Davos, Switzerland recently.  

The theme of the GCTI Report 2020 is  “ Global Talent in the Age of Artificial Intelligence”. this seventh edition of GTCI explores how the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is changing the nature of work and forcing a re-evaluation of workplace practices, corporate structures, and innovation ecosystems.

GCTI report was started in 2013. This year India climbed eight ranks and secured the 72nd rank in the index and Last year’s rank was 80th. Switzerland is in the 1st place while the USA 2nd and Singapore grabbed the 3rd position this year.   China Ranked 42nd, Russia 48th, Brazil 80th, and South Africa 70th. GTCI gives a ranking based on six indicators – attract, retain, enable, grow, vocational skills, and global knowledge skills.  
INSEAD Business School, France 42nd Switzerland
Ease of Doing Business 2020 :
Ease of Doing Business 2020 is a report published by The World Bank to ‘Compare Business Regulation in 190 Economies’ India has ranked at 63rd position in the said report published by The World Bank.  

Doing Business 2020 is the 17th in a series of annual studies investigating the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 190 economies. 

Doing Business measures aspects of business regulation affecting small domestic firms located in the largest business city of 190 economies. In addition, for 11 economies a second city is covered.

Doing Business covers 12 areas of business regulation. Ten of these areas—starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, and resolving insolvency—are included in the ease of doing business score and ease of doing business ranking.
World Bank, Washington DC, United States 63rd New Zealand
Global Competitiveness Index 2019 :
Global Competitiveness Report is a yearly report published by the World Economic Forum (WEF) Since 2004. The Global Competitiveness Index integrates the macroeconomic and the micro/business aspects of competitiveness into a single index. The report “assesses the ability of countries to provide high levels of prosperity to their citizens”.

The report notes that as a nation develops, wages tend to increase and that in order to sustain this higher income, labor productivity must improve for the nation to be competitive. Thus, the GCI separates countries into three specific stages: factor-driven, efficiency-driven, and innovation-driven, each implying a growing degree of complexity in the operation of the economy.

The release of the 2019 edition of the Global Competitiveness Report features the Global Competitiveness Index 4.0 (GCI 4.0). The World Economic Forum (WEF) introduced the new Global Competitiveness Index 4.0 in 2018.

The GCI 4.0 is the fourth and latest iteration of the methodology used by the Global Competitiveness Report.   GCI 4.0 provides a detailed map of the factors and attributes that drive productivity, growth, and human development in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The GCI 4.0 covers 141 economies, which account for 99% of the world’s GDP.

As per the 2019 GCR report, INDIA rank is 68th and INDIA slipped 10th Places below the previous Year 2018 rank 58th.  India ranks high on macroeconomic stability (90, 43rd) and market size (93.7, 3rd),. India performs well when it comes to innovation (50.9, 35th), well ahead of most emerging economies, and on par with several advanced economies. Its financial sector (69.5, 40th) is relatively deep and stable.

The top-ranked countries are Singapore 1st, USA 2nd, Hong Kong 3rd, Netherlands 4th, and Switzerland 5th.  

The report is based on 12 sets of factors (pillars) that determine productivity. These are Institutions; Infrastructure; ICT adoption; Macroeconomic stability; Health; Skills; Product market; Labour market; Financial system; Market size; Business dynamism; and Innovation capability.  
World Economic Forum, Cologny, Switzerland 68th Singapore
Energy Transition Index 2020 :
Energy Transition Index (RTI) 2020 Released by World Economic Forum (WEF). WEF is an independent international organization based in Geneva, Switzerland. WEF established in 1971.  The index benchmarks 115 economies on the current performance of their energy systems across economic development and growth, environmental sustainability and energy security and access indicators, and their readiness for transition to secure, sustainable, affordable, and inclusive energy systems.  

INDIA rank is 74th out of the 115 countries, only Argentina, Bulgaria, China, the Czech Republic, the Dominican Republic, India, Ireland, Italy, the Slovak Republic, Sri Lanka, and Ukraine have made consistent and measurable progress on their energy transition over the past six years.  

Sweden leads the rankings table 1st for the third consecutive year, followed by Switzerland 2nd and Finland 3rd. France 8th and the United Kingdom 7th are the only G20 countries in the top 10.  
World Economic Forum, Cologny, Switzerland 74th Sweden
Social Mobility Index 2020 :  
The World Economic Forum (WEF) has created a new index to measure social mobility. The Global Social Mobility Index, which benchmarks 82 global economies. Social mobility can be understood as the movement in personal circumstances either “upwards” or “downwards” of an individual in relation to those of their parents.

In absolute terms, it is the ability of a child to experience a better life than their parents. On the Other hand Relative social mobility is an assessment of the impact of socio-economic background on an individual’s outcomes in life.

The Global Social Mobility Index, however, focuses on drivers of relative social mobility instead of outcomes. It looks at policies, practices, and institutions. This allows it to enable effective comparisons throughout regions and generations. It uses 10 pillars, which in turn are broken down into five determinants of social mobility – health, education, technology access, work opportunities, working conditions and fair wages, and finally, social protection and inclusive institutions.

INDIA rank is 76th out of 82.  Top performer countries are Denmark 1st, Norway 2nd, Finland 3rd, Sweden 4th, and Iceland 5th.  
World Economic Forum, Cologny, Switzerland 76th Denmark
Sustainability Index 2020 :
India ranked 77th on a sustainability index that takes into account per capita carbon emissions and the ability of children in a nation to live healthy lives and secures 131st spot on a flourishing ranking that measures the best chance at survival and well-being for children according to an UN-backed report.

The Sustainability Index ranks countries on excess carbon emissions compared with the 2030 target. This provides a convenient and available proxy for a country’s contribution to sustainability in the future. The report assessing the capacity of 180 countries to ensure that their youngsters can survive and thrive.

India ranks 77th on the Sustainability Index and 131 on the Flourishing Index. Norway leads the table for survival, health, education, and nutrition rates – followed by South Korea and the Netherlands. The central African Republic, Chad, and Somalia come at the bottom.  
United Nations, New York, US 77th Norway
The Sustainable Developments Goals report 2020 :
The Sustainable Development Report (SDR) 2020, including the SDG (Sustainable Development Goals ) Index and Dashboards, was released. It was written by lead author Jeffrey Sachs and a team of independent experts working at the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and Bertelsmann Stiftung, and published by Cambridge University Press.  

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a “blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all”  The SDGs were set up in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030.  

They are included in a UN Resolution called the 2030 Agenda or what is colloquially known as Agenda 2030. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was launched in 2015 to end poverty and set the world on a path of peace, prosperity, and opportunity for all on a healthy planet.

The Sustainable Development Report 2020 describes each country’s progress towards achieving the SDGs and indicates areas requiring faster progress. The 2020 SDG Index covers 166 countries, compared with 162 countries in 2019. The additional countries included this year are Barbados, Brunei Darussalam, Somalia, and South Sudan.

As per the 2020 report, INDIA Ranked 77th. Top Ranked countries are Sweden 1st, Denmark 2nd, Finland 3rd, France 4th, and Germany 5th.  
Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), and Bertelsmann Stiftung, and published by Cambridge University 77th Sweden
Corruption Perception Index 2020 :
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an index published annually by Berlin-Germany-based Transparency International since 1995 which ranks countries “by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys.

India’s rank has slipped six places to 86th among 180 countries in Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2020. It uses a scale of zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). India was ranked at 80th position out of 180 countries in 2019.   In 2019, India’s score was 41.

The top-ranked countries on the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) are Denmark and New Zealand, with scores of 88, followed by Finland, Singapore, Sweden, and Switzerland, with scores of 85 each.   South Sudan and Somalia are the bottom Countries with scores of 12 each, followed by Syria (14), Yemen (15), and Venezuela (15).  
Transparency International, Berlin, Germany 80th Denmark and New Zealand
Henley Passport Index 2020 :
The Henley Passport Index Prepared by Henley & Partners, the residence and citizenship planning firm. It started in 2006 as Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index (HVRI) and was modified and renamed in January 2018.  

It provides a ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa. The site provides a ranking for 199 passports of the world according to the number of countries their holders can travel to visa-free.

In collaboration with the International Air Transport Association (IATA), and based on official data from their global database Henley & Partners has analyzed the visa regulations of the vast majority of the countries and territories in the world since 2006.

INDIA rank is 84th. Top-ranked countries are  Japan 1st (193), Singapore  2nd (192), Germany and South Korea at 3rd (191).  
Henley & Partners, UK and International Air Traffic Association (IATA), Canada 84th Japan
International Smart City Index 2020 :
The Institute for Management Development (IMD), in collaboration with Singapore University for Technology and Design (SUTD), has released the 2020 Smart City Index (SCI), with key findings on how technology is playing a role in the COVID-19 era in a way that is likely to remain.

In the 2020 Smart City Index, 109 cities were surveyed. The Smart City Index ranks cities based on economic and technological data, as well as by their citizens’ perceptions of how “smart” their cities are.  

Singapore, Helsinki, and Zurich have come top in the 2020 Smart City Index. In the 2020 Smart City Index INDIA Cities Ranked are Hyderabad: 85th (67th in 2019), New Delhi: 86th (68th in 2019), Mumbai: 93rd (78th in 2019), Bengaluru: 95th  (79th in 2019).  
Institute for Management Development, Lausanne, Switzerland Hyderabad: 85th (67th in 2019), New Delhi: 86th (68th in 2019), Mumbai: 93rd (78th in 2019), Bengaluru: 95th  (79th in 2019). Singapore
Global Hunger Index 2020 :
The Global Hunger Index is a peer-reviewed annual report, jointly published by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe, designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at the global, regional, and country levels. The aim of the GHI is to trigger action to reduce hunger around the world.  

GHI scores are based on the values of four component indicators: Undernourishment (share of the population with insufficient caloric intake), Child Wasting (share of children under age five who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition), Child Stunting (share of children under age five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition), and Child Mortality (mortality rate of children under age five, partly reflecting the fatal mix of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments).  

Based on the values of the four indicators, the GHI determines hunger on a 100-point scale where 0 is the best possible score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst. Each country’s GHI score is classified by severity, from low to extremely alarming.  

For the 2020 GHI report, data were assessed for 132 countries. Out of these, there was sufficient data to calculate 2020 GHI scores for and rank 107 countries.

India ranked 94 among 107 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2020 and is in the ‘serious’ hunger category with a score of 27.2. India’s rank was 102 out of 117 countries last year.  
Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe 94th Belarus
Global Economic Freedom of the World Report 2020:
The Economic Freedom of the World: 2020 Annual Report by Canada’s Fraser Institute has been released in India in conjunction with the New Delhi-based think tank Centre For Civil Society.

This is the 24th edition of Economic Freedom of the World. India has Slipped 26 spots to the 105th position on the Global Economic Freedom Index 2020. The country was at the 79th spot in last year’s rankings. India has been ranked higher than China, which stands at the 124th position.

The degree of freedom in this report is measured in five broad areas. They are Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation.  
Fraser Institute, Canada 105 Hong Kong
Global Gender Gap Index 2020 :
The Global Gender Gap Report was first published in 2006 by the World Economic Forum (WEF). The 2020 report covers 153 countries. The Global Gender Gap Index is an index designed to measure gender equality.  

The report’s Gender Gap Index ranks countries according to the calculated gender gap between women and men in four key areas: health, education, economy, and politics to gauge the state of gender equality in a country.

India had ranked 112th among 153 countries in the Global Gender Gap Index 2020. India has slipped 28 places to rank 140th among 156 countries in the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2021, becoming the third-worst performer in South Asia.

For the 12th time, Iceland is the most gender-equal country in the world. Further Top Rankings are Norway 2nd, Finland 3rd, Sweden 4th, Nicaragua is at 5th.  
World Economic Forum, Cologny, Switzerland 112th In 2020

140th in 2021
Childhood Development Index 2020 :
The End of Childhood Index is part of the Global Childhood Report released by UK-based Save the Children, a non-profit organization that works for child rights.   Save the Children’s Fourth annual End of Childhood Index compares the latest data for 180 countries.

The index evaluates countries on eight indicators to determine the wellbeing of children and teenagers (0-19 years): Mortality among children under five years of age,  malnutrition that stunts growth, Lack of education, Child labor, Early marriage, Adolescent Births, Displacement by conflict, Child homicide.

A final score out of 1,000 is derived, and countries are ranked accordingly.  INDIA ranked 115th  in the 2020 report. Top Tanked Countries are Singapore 1st, Slovenia 2nd, Finland 3rd, Sweden 4th, Norway 5th.  
Save the Children, London, UK 115th Singapore
Human Capital Index 2020 :
The World Bank released the Human Capital Index (HCI) report for 2020. World Bank released the report titled “The Human Capital Index 2020 Update: Human Capital in the Time of COVID-19”. Human capital— the knowledge, skills, and health that people accumulate over their lives—is a central driver of sustainable growth and poverty reduction.  

The Human Capital Index (HCI) is an international metric that benchmarks the key components of human capital across economies. It was launched in 2018 as part of the Human Capital Project, a global effort to accelerate progress toward a world where all children can achieve their full potential.

The Human Capital Index 2020 Update Human Capital in the Time of COVID-19 presents the first update of the HCI, using health and education data available as of March 2020.

As per HCI report 2020, INDIA Ranked 116th out of 174 countries. Last year India was ranked 115 out of 157 countries. Top-ranked countries are, Singapore 1st, Hong Kong 2nd, Japan 3rd, South Korea 4th, and Canada 5th.  
World Bank, Washington DC, United States 116th Singapore
Human Development Index 2020 :
The Human Development Index released Under United Nation Development Program. The HDI is the measure of a country’s health, education, and standard of living,  and determines a nation’s average achievement in three basic scales of human development education, life expectancy, and per capita income.

Education (mean years of schooling completed and expected years of schooling upon entering the education system), and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

The index is based on the human development approach, developed by Mahbub ul Haq, often framed in terms of whether people are able to “be” and “do” desirable things in life. The origins of the HDI are found in the annual Human Development Reports produced by the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

These were devised and launched by Pakistani economist Mahbubul Haq in 1990, and had the explicit purpose “to shift the focus of development economics from national income accounting to people-centered policies”. INDIA Ranked 131st among 189 countries in the 2020 report While INDIA ranked 129th in the 2019 Report. Top performing countries are, Norway 1st, Ireland 2nd, Switzerland 3rd.
United Nations Development Programme, New York, US 131st Norway
World Press Freedom Index 2020 :
The Paris-based Reporters Without Borders (RSF) publishes annually a World Press Freedom Index (WPFI) purporting to evaluate the level of freedom available to the media in 180 countries.

From a rank of 80 in the inaugural WPFI report, 2002, India’s rank fell to 122 in 2010 and 131 in 2012. In 2020 Report of WPFI has ranked India at 142, down 2 places from 2019.

The WPFI 2020 is compiled on the basis of an online questionnaire comprising 83 questions, answered by 18 freedom of expression NGOs, many of which are funded by the RSF, and a network of around 150 correspondents, and researchers, jurists, and human rights activists, usually selected by the correspondents. This qualitative questionnaire is used to calculate scores on six parameters in the index – pluralism, media independence, media environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, and quality of infrastructure that support the production of news and information. This score is combined with quantitative data on abuses and acts of violence against journalists, to arrive at the overall WPFI score.

Top Ranked countries are Norway 1st, Finland 2nd, Denmark 3rd, Sweden 4th, Netherlands 5th.  
Reporters Without Borders, Paris, France 142nd Norway
World Happiness Report 2020 :
The World Happiness Report is a publication of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). The World Happiness Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 156 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be.

The World Happiness Report 2020 for the first time ranks cities around the world by their subjective well-being. The data used to rank countries in the World Happiness Report is drawn from the Gallup World Poll,  as well as other sources such as the World Values Survey.

INDIA Ranked  144th in the 2020 report and in the previous Year Rank was 140th. Top-ranked countries are, Finland 1st, Denmark 2nd, Switzerland 3rd, Iceland 4th, and Norway 5th.  
Sustainable Development Solutions Network, (SDSN) New York, United States 140th Finland
Environmental Performance Index 2020 :
The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is a biennial (occurring every 2 years)  index Prepared by Yale University (Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy) and Columbia University (Center for International Earth Science Information Network) in collaboration with the World Economic Forum and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission With support from The McCall MacBain Foundation based in Canada.

The 2020 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) ranks 180 countries on 32 performance indicators in the following 11 issue categories: air quality, sanitation and drinking water, heavy metals, waste management, biodiversity and habitat, ecosystem services, fisheries, climate change, pollution emissions, agriculture, and water resources.

The EPI ranks 180 countries on environmental health and ecosystem vitality. EPI indicators provide a way to spot problems, set targets, track trends, understand outcomes, and identify best policy practices.

INDIA ranked 168th among 180 countries in EPI 2020 report. The top 5 ranked countries are Denmark, Luxembourg, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and France.
Yale University, Connecticut and Columbia University, New York of United States 168th Denmark


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