International Organizations:

Introduction: International organizations are also known as intergovernmental organizations. An international organization is a stable set of norms and rules meant to govern the behavior of states and other actors in the International system.

The list of important  International Organizations is given in the table:
Organizations Estd. Headquarters President/General Secretary Members
International Labour Organization (ILO) 1919 Geneva Gilbert Houngbo – 11th  director general of ILO. (assumed office – 1 Oct. 2022) 187 (Tonga-187th member)
Interpol 1923 Lyons (France) Nasser Al-Raisi (Chaiman) 194 (Kiribati-194th member)
Commonwealth 1931 London (UK) Patricia Scotland 54 (Maldives – 54th country)
United Nations 1945 New York (US) Antonio Guterres 193 (South Sudan – 193rd member)
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 1945 Washington DC Cristalina Georgieva 190 (Andora-190th member)
World Bank 1945 Washington DC Ajay Banga 189 (Naru-189th member)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 1945 Rome (Italy) Qu Dongue 197
International Court of Justice (ICJ) 1945 Hauge, Netherlands Joan Donoghue 194
UNESCO 1945 Paris (France) Andre Azole 195
UNICEF 1946 New York Head- Catherine Russell 191
World Health Organization (WHO) 1948 Geneva Tedros Adhanom 194
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 1949 Brussels Jens Stoltenberg 31 (Northern Macedonia – 30th member, and Finland 31st.)
UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) 1950 Geneva, Switzerland Filippo Grandi 135 Countries
European Union (EU) 1958 Brussels Ursula von der Leyen 27
OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) 1960 Vienna (Austria) Haitham Al-Ghais 13
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) 1961 Jakarta Ilham Aliyev 120
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) 1961 Paris (France) Mathias Corman 37 (Columbia  – 37th member)
Amnesty International 1961 London (UK) Agnes Calmard 150
UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) 1964 Geneva Rebecca Greenspan
UNDP (United Nations Development Program) 1965 New York Achim Steiner
Asian Development Bank (ADB) 1966 Manila Matsugu Asakawa 68
ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) 1967 Jakarta Lim Jock Hoi 11
SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) 1985 Kathmandu Isala Weerakoon 8 (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)
G-15 (Group of 15) 1989 Geneva The name is unchanged i.e, G15, but the member countries expanded to 18.
APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) 1989 Singapore Joe Biden 21
United Nations Human Right Council 2006 Geneva Federico Villegas 47
World Trade Organization (WTO) 1995 Geneva Nagoji Okonjo Evela 164 (Afghanistan as 164th member)
ASEM (Asia Europe Meeting) 1996 Brussels 53
BIMSTEC (The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) 1997 Dhaka Shahidul Islam 7 (Bangladesh,  Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand)
Shanghai Cooperation Org. (SCO) 2001 Beijing Zhang Ming 8 (China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)
International Criminal Court (ICC) 2002 Hague, Netherland Piotr Hofmanski 124
African Union (AU) 2002 Addis Ababa Felix Antonie Tshedky 55
BRICS 2008 Shanghai 5 (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa)
New Development Bank (NDB) 2014 Shanghai (China) Marcos Trijo 9
International Solar Alliance (ISA) 2015 Gurugram DG-Ajay Mathur 102




You can also read:

International Organizations Under UNO

United Nations Organizations (UNO)


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