United Nations Organizations (UNO)
The United Nations is an International Organization founded in 1945 after the 2nd world war. Primarily 51 countries came together with Common agenda for to maintain international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, promoting social justice and progress, better living standards, and human rights.
The UN’s Membership has grown from the original 51 member state in 1945 to the current 193 member states.
The UN has evolved over the years with a rapidly changing world But one thing that has stayed the same is that the UNO is one place where the world’s nation can gather together, Discuss common problems and find shared solutions and benefits all of the Humanity.
The UN and its work are guided by the purpose and principle contained in its founding charter.
All UN member states are members of the General Assembly. States are admitted to membership by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security council.
At present Secretary-General of the UNO is Antonio Guterres. Secretary-General Message is as below
“ In the end, It comes down to values that we want the world, our children inherit to be defined by the values enshrined In the UN Charter: Piece, Justice, Respect, Human Rights, Tolerance and Solidarity.”
The Secretary-General is Chief Administrative Officer of the UN – and is also a symbol of the Organization’s Ideal and an advocate for all the world’s peoples, especially the poor and vulnerable.
The Secretary-General is appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council for a 5-years renewable term.
The current Secretary-General and the 9th Occupant of the post are Antonio Gutters of Portugal, who took office on 1st January 2017.
On the 18th June 2021, Gutters was re-appointed to a second term, pledging as his priority to continue to help the world chart a course out of the COVID-19 pandemic.
KEY FACTS :
- UNO is the World’s largest international organization and a successor of the League of Nations.
- League of Nations was formed after the 1st world war, But it failed.
- The Charter of the UN was signed at San Francisco on 26th June 1945, in a meeting of the representatives of 50 states, representing 2/3rd of the world population.
- The Name United Nations was given at that time by US President “ Roosevelt”.
- The Charter or Constitution was formed at Dumbarton Oaks (Washington DC ) Conference by USSR, UK, US, and China
- Formally Came into existence on 24th Oct 1945
- The First Regular session was held in London in JAN 1946 and Trygve Le (Norway) was elected the first Secretary-General.
- Headquarters Located at 1st Avenue, UN Plaza, New York City, New York, USA. It is the 17th S Acre tract of land donated by John D. Rockefeller. The building is 39 stories.
- FLAG: White UN emblem ( 2 Bent Olive branches open at the top and in between them is the map of the World ) on a light blue background. It was adopted on 20th Oct 1947. The UN Flag is not to be subordinated to any other flag in the World.
- The Purposes of the UN are divided into 4 groups – Security, Justice, Welfare, and Human Rights.
- Disarm, Decolonize, and Development are the 3 New objectives set by the UN.
- One of the principles of the UN is not to interfere in the internal affairs of any state so long as it acts according to the terms of the charter.
- The official languages of the UN are English, French, Chinese, Russian, Arabic, and Spanish, While the working languages, are English and French only.
- Admission of New Members is admitted to the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council.
- At Present membership of the UN are 193.
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