What is Wildlife Sanctuary?

Wildlife Sanctuary is an area comprised of any reserve forest or territorial waters that can be notified by the State Government to constitute a sanctuary if such an area is of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, natural. or zoological significance, to protect, propagate, or developing wildlife or its environment. Some restricted human activities are allowed inside the Sanctuary area details of which are given in given IUCN Category IV protected areas (WPA 1972).

There are 566 existing wildlife sanctuaries in India  122420 km2, which is 3.72% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, Dec. 2020).

among these, the 51 tiger reserves are governed by Project Tiger and are of special significance for the conservation of the Bengal tiger.

Wildlife sanctuaries in India

What is ecotourism?
Ecotourism means catering to that tourist who wishes to experience the natural environment without damaging or disturbing its habitats. A form of responsible travel to natural areas, conversing with the environment, and improving the well-being of the local people. There are many wildlife Sanctuaries are involved in ecotourism.
List of Some Important Wildlife Sanctuaries of India
State S.NO Name of Protected Area Year of Notification Area (in km2)
Andhra Pradesh 1. Coringa 1978 235.7
2. Koundinya 1990 357.6
3. Kolleru Bird Sanctuary 1953 308.55
4. Krishna 1989 194.81
5. Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve 1978 2131.31
6. Nellapattu Bird sanctuary 1976 4.5892
Arunachal Pradesh 1 Pakke (Pakhui) tiger resrve 1977 861.95
2 Sessa Orchid 1989 100
3 Dibang 1991 4149
Assam 1. Amchang 2004 78.64
2 Barail 2004 326.24
3 Deepor Beel 1989 4.14
4 Lawkhowa 1972 70.13
Bihar 1 Barela Jheel Salim Ali Bird 1997 1.96
  2 Bhimbandh 1976 681.99
  3 Gautam Budha 1976 138.34
  4 Kanwarjheel 1989 63.11
  5 Kusheshwar Asthan Bird 1994 29.17
  6 Valmiki Tiger Reserve 1978 545.15
Chhattisgarh 1 Achanakmar 1975 551.55
  2 Pamed Wild Buffalo 1985 262.12
  3 Sitanadi 1974 553.36
Goa 1 Bhagwan Mahavir 1967 133
  Netravali 1999 211.05
Gujarat 1 Gaga (Great Indian Bustard) 1988 3.33
  2 Girnar 2008 178.8
  3 Kachchh (Lala) Great Indian Bustard 1995 2.03
  4 Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) 1980 295.03
  5 Nal Sarovar Bird 1969 120.82
  6 Wild Ass 1973 4953.71

Haryana
 
1 Kalesar 1996 54.36
Himachal Pradesh 1 Bandli 1962 32.11
  2 Chandratal 2007 38.56
  3 Dhauladhar 1994 982.86
  4 Kanawar 1954 107.29
  5 Pong Dam Lake 1982 207.59
Jharkhand 1 Gautam Budha 1976 121.14
  2 Dalma 1976 193.22
  3 Palkot 1990 182.83
Karnataka 1 Adichunchunagiri Peacock 1981 0.84
  2 Brahmagiri 1974 181.29
  3 Chincholi 2012 134.88
  4 Cauvery Extension 2019 53.39
  5 Ghataprabha Bird 1974 29.78
  6 Talakaveri 1987 105.59
  7 Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary 1974, 2011 314.25
Kerala 1 Aralam 1984 55
  2 Chinnar 1984 90.44
  3 Idukki 1976 70
  4 Kottiyoor 2011 30.38
  5 Malabar 2010 74.22
  6 Periyar 1950 427
  7 Wayanad 1973 344.44
Madhya Pradesh 1 Bori 1977 485.715
  2 Ken Gharial 1981 45.2
  3 Pachmarhi 1977 491.632
  4 Pench Moghli 1975 118.473
  5 Son Gharial 1981 83.684
Maharashtra 1 New Maldhok Bird (Gangewadi) 2012 1.98
  2 Koyana 1985 423.55
  3 Lonar 2000 1.17

Mizoram
 
1 Dampa 1985 545
  2 Khawnglung 1992 35
  3 Thorangtlang 2002 180
Nagaland 1 Fakim 1980 6.41
Odisha 1 Balukhand Konark 1984 71.72
  2 Bhitarkanika 1975 525
  3 Chilika (Nalaban) 1987 15.53
  4 Gahirmatha (Marine) 1997 1435
  5 Simlipal 1979 1354.3
Punjab 1 Harike Lake 1982 86
  Nangal 2009 2.9
Rajasthan 1 Jawahar Sagar 1975 153.41
  2 Mount Abu 1960 326.1
  3 Sariska 1955 219
  4 Van Vihar 1955 25.6
Tamil Nadu 1 Cauvery North 2014 504.3348
  2 Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) 1976 841.49
  3 Kalakad 1976 223.58
  4 Pulicat Lake Bird 1980 153.67
  5 Vaduvoor Bird 1991 1.281
Telangana 1 Amrabad (Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam) 1978 2166.37
  2 Pranahita 1980 136.03
  3 Pakhal 1952 860
Tripura 1 Gumti 1988 389.54
  2 Sepahijala 1987 18.533
Uttar Pradesh
1 Bakhira 1990 28.94
  2 Chandraprabha 1957 78
  3 Mahavir Swami 1977 5.41
  4 Okhala Bird 1990 4
  5 Parvati Aranga 1990 10.84
  6 Patna 1990 1.09
  7 Samaspur Bird 1987 7.99
  8 Sandi Bird 1990 3.09
  9 Sur Sarovar Bird 1991 4.03
Uttarakhand 1 Kedarnath 1972 975.2
West Bengal 1 Buxa Tiger Reserve

situated in northern West Bengal, India, covering an area of 760 km2 (290 sq mi). Among 284 bird species inhabit the reserve

1986 251.89
  2 West Sunderban 2013 556.45
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1 Barren Island

Located in the Andaman sea, is the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia

1987 8.1
  2 Duncan Island 1987 0.73
  3 Lohabarrack (Saltwater Crocodile) 1987 22.21
  4 Reef Island 1987 1.74
Chandigarh 1 City Bird 1998 0.029
  2 Sukhna Lake 1986 25.98
Jammu & Kashmir 1 Gulmarg 1987 180
  2 Hirapora 1987 341.25
  3 Hokersar 1992 13.75
  4 Rajparian (Daksum) 2002 20
Ladakh 1 Changthang 1987 4000
  2 Karakoram (Nubra Shyok) 1987 5000
Lakshadweep  1 Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary – (Pitti Bird Sanctuary 1995 0.01

References:

You may also read:

Spread Your Love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

2 Comments

Most Important Dams in India % - PCSSTUDIES % Indian Geography · May 9, 2021 at 1:51 pm

[…] Wildlife Sanctuary […]

Biosphere Reserves in India - PCSSTUDIES % Geography · June 16, 2021 at 2:50 pm

[…] List of Some Important Wildlife Sanctuaries of India […]

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: