Important Dams in India

Table of Contents

What is a dam?

A dam can be defined as a structure built across a river or stream to hold backwater. In different places, various different materials were used to build dams over the centuries. Ancient dam builders used natural materials such as rocks or clay. Modern-day dam builders often use concrete. Manmade dams create artificial lakes called reservoirs.

India is a country of various rivers. There are many dams on rivers that are built for many purposes and to fulfill our needs.

In the table given below, some most important dams are listed with rivers and States to which they belong.


Important Dams in India

Important Dams in India

The List of Important Dams in India is Given in the Table:
Dam River State


It is a 480 MW power station on the Jhelum river.

Jhelum Jammu and Kashmir

Dulhasti Dam

390 MW hydroelectric power plant, Built by NHPC

Chenab Jammu and Kashmir

Salal Dam

salal dam was the first hydropower project built by India in Jammu and Kashmir under the Indus Water Treaty regime.

with the capacity of Stage I: 345 MW, Stage II: 345 MW, Total: 690 MW

Chenab Jammu and Kashmir


This Dam is also called Baglihar Hydroelectric Power Project, is a run-of-the-river power project on the Chenab River in the Ramban district of Jammu and Kashmir, India

Installed capacity: Stage I: 450 MW; Stage II: 450 MW; Total: 900 MW

Chenab Jammu and Kashmir

Ranjeet Sagar Dam

also called Thein dam

Ravi Punjab(on the border of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir)

Bhakra Nangal Dam

(New temple and Resurgent India- Jawahar Lal Nehru)

Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Sutlej River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam forms the Govind Sagar reservoir, with an Installed capacity: 1325 MW

Sutlej Himachal Pradesh (Bhakra in Himachal and Nangal in Punjab)

Pong Dam

Also called Maharana pratap sagar

The reservoir is a wildlife sanctuary and also an International wetland site declared by Ramsar Convention. 

Beas Himachal Pradesh
Nathpa Jhakri Dam Sutlej Himachal Pradesh
Tehri Dam(tallest dam in India) Bhagirathi Uttarakhand
Dhauliganga Dam Dhauliganga Uttarakhand

Rihand Dam

reservoir-Govind Vallabh pant Sagar Dam- largest manmade lake. It is a concrete gravity dam located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh.

Rihand Uttar Pradesh
Rani Lakshmi bai Dam also called Rajghat dam Betwa Uttar Pradesh

Matatila Dam

This dam is a dam in district Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, that was built in 1958 on the Betwa River, with a capacity of 33 MW

Betwa Uttar Pradesh

Hirakund Dam(longest Dam)

Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km long. It is one of the first major multipurpose river valley projects started after India’s independence.

It is with Installed capacity: 347.5 MW

Mahanadi Odisha
Tilaiya Dam And Maithan Dam Barakar(Tributary of Damodar) Jharkhand

Panchet Dam 

It is also a multipurpose dam

Damodar Jharkhand

Jawahar Sagar Dam

It is a concrete gravity dam.

Chambal Rajasthan
Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam Mahi Rajasthan
Bilaspur Dam Banas Rajasthan
Rana Pratap Sagar Dam Chambal Rajasthan
Sardar Sarovar Dam Narmada Gujarat
Ukai dam and kakrapar Dam Tapti Gujarat
Koyna Dam Koyna river Maharashtra
Ujani Dam Bhima River Maharashtra
Jayakwadi Dam Godavari River Maharashtra

Gandhi Sagar Dam

This dam is a masonry gravity dam

Chambal M.P

Indira Sagar

This is multipurpose project of the state Madhya Pradesh on the Narmada River, with the  Installed capacity: 1,000 MW

Narmada M.P
Krishna rajas agar Dam Kaveri Karnataka
Tunga Bhadra Dam Tunga Bhadra Karnataka
Almatti Dam Krishna Karnataka

Pochampad Dam

Also called Sri ram Sagar Project, it is an Indian flood-flow project on the Godavari

Godavari Telangana

Nagarjuna Sagar dam

India’s largest masonry Dam

Krishna Telangana
Srisailam Dam Krishna Andhra Pradesh
Somasila Dam Pennar Andhra Pradesh
Idukki (largest Arch dam in India) Periyar Kerala
Mullaperiyar Periyar Kerala

Banasura Sagar Dam

It is the largest earthen dam in India and the second largest in Asia

Kabini Kerala

Kallanai Dam

This dam is an ancient dam and was originally constructed during the reign of Chola king Karikalan

Cauvery T.N

Mettur Dam

This dam is one of the largest dams in India and also the largest in Tamil Nadu






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