What are Lakes?
Lakes are static bodies of water that are surrounded by land on all sides. They vary in size and depth.
Which is the largest lake in the world?
The Caspian Sea (The largest inland water body) is the world’s largest lake, followed by the superior lake (North America) and the Victoria lake ( Africa).
The largest lake in India
In India, Chilka lake is the largest saltwater lake while Wular lake is the largest freshwater lake.
List of important Lakes in India with related states/UT
(In the given table below the important lakes are listed which are always asked in exams like UPSC, uppsc, BPSC, and other exams. This table contains the list of lakes including their nature like freshwater lakes, saline lakes/brackish lakes lagoons, etc.)
Largest Saline water lake
|6||Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar
Largest man-made lake in India on Rihand dam in Uttar Pradesh and border of Madhyapradesh
|Uttarpradseh (Rhand dam)|
|7||Kanwar Lake or Kabar Taal or Kabar Wetland
Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake
Located between Krishna and Godavari deltas
Kolleru lake is one of the largest fresh water lake in India.
Laktak lake is freshwater lake
Also called Lonar Crater
It is notified, National Geo- Heritage Monument, Saline, soda lake. It is created during the Pleistocene epoch by a meteorite collision. Located at Lonar in Buldhana district Maharastra.
Situated in the Indian hill station in Mount Abu in the Aravalli range.
|13||Nizam Sagar||Andhra Pradesh|
|14||Parashuram Kund||Arunachal Pradesh|
Second largest brackish water lagoon after Chilka lake in India.
Also called Dhakuria lake
Inland Salt lake
Artificial freshwater lake
Also called a mountain lake sited in Changthang plateau in Ladakh.
Protected as Tso Moriri wetland conservation reserve.
Situated at an altitude of 4,522m.
also called Pichola lake
|24||Upper and Lower lakes
In Bhopal, the Lower lake is also called ‘Chotta Talab’
|25||Vembanad Kayal (Lagoon)
It is the longest lake in India and the largest lake in Kerala.
Vynthala Lake- is a natural oxbow lake found in Vynthala, nearMala, Thrissur District of Kerala. It was formed from a “cutoff” of the Chalakudy River which flows near to it. The lake is considered to be the only naturally formed Oxbow lake in the whole of south India.
Largest freshwater Lake in India
This lake is fed by the Jhelum River and formed by tectonic activities.
Became Ramsar site in 1990
(Sited in Bandipora district of Jammu and Kashmir)
Saline water lake (High quantity of fluoride in salt, so non-edible salt is found produced)
|29||Kuchaman (salt lake)
Saline water lake
Important lakes in India: Map view (Note: map not for scale)
You can also read:
- Biosphere reserves in India
- Ramsar site is a wetland site
- Major waterfalls of India
- Important lakes of the world
Thank you 🙂