Important deserts of the world

what is desert?

A Desert is a barren area of landscape where little participation occurs, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.

A desert can be any large, extremely dry area of land that lacks vegetation, the area includes polar regions. Deserts are the driest places on Earth. these get less than 250 mm of rain in a year. It can be classified by the amount of precipitation that falls, by the temperature that prevails, by the causes of desertification, or by their geographical location.

Important Major deserts in the world

Major deserts in the world

Important facts about the deserts for exams:
  • Name of the largest desert in the world: Antarctica Desert
  • Coldest desert in the world: Antarctica Desert
  • World’s largest non-continental desert: Greenland
  • Hottest desert in the world: Lut desert in Iran is the hottest desert in the world
  • The largest desert in India: Thar Desert
  • The largest desert in Asia: Gobi Desert
Important deserts of the world on the map:
Important deserts of the world on map

Important deserts of the world on the map

List of important deserts in the world

The list of important deserts in the world is given in the table below:

Name of Desert type Location Countries
Antarctic Desert

Antarctica is on average the coldest, driest, and windiest of the continents, and it has the highest average elevation.

Polar ice and tundra Antarctica
Arctic desert

The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.

The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean, adjacent seas, and parts of Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States (Alaska).

Polar ice and tundra Eastern Europe, Northern America, Northern Asia, Northern Europe Alaska, Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Jan Mayen, Norway, Russia, Svalbard, and sweeden
Sahara Desert

The Sahara is a desert on the African continent. With an area of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq. mi).

It is the largest hot desert in the world and the third-largest desert overall.

Subtropical Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Western Africa. Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara.
Great Australian Desert

It is in 18% of Australian mainland.

Subtropical Australia and New Zealand Australia
Arabian Desert

The Arabian Desert is a vast desert wilderness in Western Asia.

It stretches from Yemen to the Persian Gulf and Oman to Jordan and Iraq.

Subtropical Western Asia Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen
Gobi Desert Cold winter Eastern Asia China and Magnolia
Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari Desert is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in Southern Africa extending for 900,000 square kilometres. It covers much of Botswana, and parts of Namibia and South Africa.

Subtropical Southern Africa Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa
Patagonian Desert

The Patagonian Desert, also known as the Patagonian Steppe, is the largest desert in Argentina and is the 8th largest desert in the world

Cold Winter South America Argentina
Karakum Desert

The Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum and Gara-Gum, is a desert in Central Asia.

Cold Winter Central Asia Turkmenistan
Great Victoria Subtropical Australia and New Zealand Australia
Colorado Plateau

The Colorado Plateau, also known as the Colorado Plateau Province, is a physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the south-western United States.

Cold Winter Northern America United States
Kyzyl-Kum Desert

The Kyzyl-Kum Desert is the 15th largest desert in the world.

Its name means Red Sand in Turkic languages.

It is located in Central Asia, in the land between the confluent rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, a region historically known as Transoxiana.

Cold Winter Central Asia Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Taklamakan Desert

The Taklamakan Desert is a desert in Southwestern Xinjiang in Northwest China.

It is bounded by the Kunlun Mountains to the south, the Pamir Mountains to the west, the Tian Shan range to the north, and the Gobi Desert to the east.

Cold winter Eastern Asia China
Puntland Desert

Puntland, officially the Puntland State of Somalia, is a Federal Member State in north-eastern Somalia.

Subtropical Eastern Africa Somalia
Thar Desert

The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq. mi).

It forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.

It is the world’s 20th-largest desert.

The Thar is the world’s 9th-largest hot subtropical desert.

About 85% of the Thar Desert is in India, and about 15% is in Pakistan.

Sub-Tropical Southern Asia India and Pakistan

It is transboundary clay desert shared by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.

Temperate Central Asia Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
Namib Desert

The Namib is a coastal desert in Southern Africa.

The name Namib is of Khoekhoegowab origin and means “vast place”.

Cool Coastal Middle Africa, Southern Africa Angola, Namibia, and South Africa
Dasht-e Margo Desert

Dasht-e Margo, also called Dasht-e Mārgow or Dasht-e Margoh, is a desert region in the southern provinces of Helmand and Nimruz in Afghanistan.

The desert is adjacent to the Dasht-e Khash and Registan Desert.

Subtropical Southern Asia Afghanistan
Atacama Desert

The Atacama Desert is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1,600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes Mountains.

The Atacama Desert is the driest nonpolar desert in the world

Mid Coastal South America Chile, and Peru
Mojave Desert

The Mojave Desert is a xeric desert in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada mountains in the Southwestern United States.

Subtropical Northern America United States
Chalbi Desert Subtropical Eastern Africa Kenya
Columbia Basin Cold Winter Northern America United State, Canda
Dasht-e- Kavir

Dasht-e Kavir, also known as Kavir-e Namak and the Great Salt Desert.

It is a large desert lying in the middle of the Iranian Plateau.

Subtropical Southern Asia Iran
Ferlo Desert

The Ferlo Desert, also known as the Ferio Desert, is a desert in northern-central Senegal. It is inhabited by the Serer and the Fulani.

Subtropical Western Africa Senegal
Ladakh Desert


Cold Winter Southern Asia India
Dast-e Lut

The desrt is included on UNESCO’s world Heritage list on July 17, 2016.

The Lut Desert, widely referred to as Dasht-e Lut, is a large salt desert.

It is the world’s 34th largest desert.

Subtropical Southern Asia Iran



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