Important deserts of the world
what is desert?
A Desert is a barren area of landscape where little participation occurs, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
A desert can be any large, extremely dry area of land that lacks vegetation, the area includes polar regions. The deserts are the driest places on earth. these get less than 250 mm of rain in a year.
Deserts can be classified by the amount of precipitation that falls, by the temperature that prevails, by the causes of desertification or by their geographical location.
Important facts about the deserts for exams:
- Name of the largest desert in the world: Antarctica Desert
- Coldest desert in the world: Antarctica Desert
- World’s largest non-continental desert: Greenland
- Hottest desert in the world: Lut desert in Iran is the hottest desert in the world
- The largest desert in India: Thar Desert
- The largest desert in Asia: Gobi Desert
List of important deserts in the world
The list of important deserts in the world is given in the table below:
|Name of Desert||type||Location||Countries|
Antarctica is on average the coldest, driest, and windiest of the continents, and it has the highest average elevation.
|Polar ice and tundra||Antarctica|
The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.
The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean, adjacent seas, and parts of Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States (Alaska).
|Polar ice and tundra||Eastern Europe, Northern America, Northern Asia, Northern Europe||Alaska, Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Jan Mayen, Norway, Russia, Svalbard, and sweeden|
The Sahara is a desert on the African continent. With an area of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq. mi).
It is the largest hot desert in the world and the third-largest desert overall.
|Subtropical||Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Western Africa.||Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara.|
|Great Australian Desert
It is in 18% of Australian mainland.
|Subtropical||Australia and New Zealand||Australia|
The Arabian Desert is a vast desert wilderness in Western Asia.
It stretches from Yemen to the Persian Gulf and Oman to Jordan and Iraq.
|Subtropical||Western Asia||Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen|
|Gobi Desert||Cold winter||Eastern Asia||China and Magnolia|
The Kalahari Desert is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in Southern Africa extending for 900,000 square kilometres. It covers much of Botswana, and parts of Namibia and South Africa.
|Subtropical||Southern Africa||Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa|
The Patagonian Desert, also known as the Patagonian Steppe, is the largest desert in Argentina and is the 8th largest desert in the world
|Cold Winter||South America||Argentina|
The Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum and Gara-Gum, is a desert in Central Asia.
|Cold Winter||Central Asia||Turkmenistan|
|Great Victoria||Subtropical||Australia and New Zealand||Australia|
The Colorado Plateau, also known as the Colorado Plateau Province, is a physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the south-western United States.
|Cold Winter||Northern America||United States|
The Kyzyl-Kum Desert is the 15th largest desert in the world.
Its name means Red Sand in Turkic languages.
It is located in Central Asia, in the land between the confluent rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, a region historically known as Transoxiana.
|Cold Winter||Central Asia||Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan|
The Taklamakan Desert is a desert in Southwestern Xinjiang in Northwest China.
It is bounded by the Kunlun Mountains to the south, the Pamir Mountains to the west, the Tian Shan range to the north, and the Gobi Desert to the east.
|Cold winter||Eastern Asia||China|
Puntland, officially the Puntland State of Somalia, is a Federal Member State in north-eastern Somalia.
The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq. mi).
It forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.
It is the world’s 20th-largest desert.
The Thar is the world’s 9th-largest hot subtropical desert.
About 85% of the Thar Desert is in India, and about 15% is in Pakistan.
|Sub-Tropical||Southern Asia||India and Pakistan|
It is transboundary clay desert shared by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.
|Temperate||Central Asia||Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.|
The Namib is a coastal desert in Southern Africa.
The name Namib is of Khoekhoegowab origin and means “vast place”.
|Cool Coastal||Middle Africa, Southern Africa||Angola, Namibia, and South Africa|
|Dasht-e Margo Desert
Dasht-e Margo, also called Dasht-e Mārgow or Dasht-e Margoh, is a desert region in the southern provinces of Helmand and Nimruz in Afghanistan.
The desert is adjacent to the Dasht-e Khash and Registan Desert.
The Atacama Desert is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1,600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes Mountains.
The Atacama Desert is the driest nonpolar desert in the world
|Mid Coastal||South America||Chile, and Peru|
The Mojave Desert is a xeric desert in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada mountains in the Southwestern United States.
|Subtropical||Northern America||United States|
|Chalbi Desert||Subtropical||Eastern Africa||Kenya|
|Columbia Basin||Cold Winter||Northern America||United State, Canda|
Dasht-e Kavir, also known as Kavir-e Namak and the Great Salt Desert.
It is a large desert lying in the middle of the Iranian Plateau.
The Ferlo Desert, also known as the Ferio Desert, is a desert in northern-central Senegal. It is inhabited by the Serer and the Fulani.
|Cold Winter||Southern Asia||India|
The desrt is included on UNESCO’s world Heritage list on July 17, 2016.
The Lut Desert, widely referred to as Dasht-e Lut, is a large salt desert.
It is world’s 34th largest desert.
You can also read:
- Important Mountain Ranges of the World
- List of Important Glaciers of Himalayan mountain
- List of main volcanoes in the world
- List of Mountain Passes of India
- Major rivers of the world
- Important lakes of the world
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