Major rivers of the world

Major rivers of the world, their sources and countries in the drainage system, and the destination in which they empty are favorite topics of exams like UPSC, State PCS, and others exams.

In the given table the list of major rivers of the world is provided:

Name of river Source, and Countries in the drainage system Empty in
Nile river

(The longest river in the world)

Lake Tana (Blue Nile), and Lake Victoria (White Nile)

The main countries in the drainage basin are Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan, Egypt

Mediterranean Sea
Amazon River

(Maximum drainage)

Andes Mountains in Peru and Ecuador through country Brazil Atlantic Ocean
The Yangtze or Chang Jiang

The longest river in Asia

China (Rises at Jari Hills in the Tanggula Mountains) East China Sea
Mississippi – Missouri

The Missouri River is the longest river in North America. Rising in the Rocky Mountains of the Eastern Centennial Mountains of South-western Montana

Source – Lake – Itasca

United States (98.5%), Canada (1.5%)

Gulf of Mexico

the fifth-longest river system in the world, and the largest to drain into the Arctic Ocean

Rising in Mungaragiyn-gol in Mongolia

Countries- Russia 97% and Magnolia 2.95%

Kara Sea
Yellow River (Huang He)

The Yellow River is the second-longest river in China

China Bohai Sea
Ob Irtysh Russia, China, and Kazakhstan Gulf of Ob
River Plate

(The Río de la Plata or La Plata River)

Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Uruguay Río de la Plata

(Congo-Chambeshi River)

Source- Cambeshi River of Northeastern Zambia

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda

Atlantic Ocean

(Forms border between Russian Far East and North-eastern China)

Russia, Mangolia, China Sea of Okhotsk
Lena Source- Lake Baikal (Baikal Mountains)


Laptev Sea
Mekong River

Trans-boundary rivers in East Asia and Southeast Asia

The sixth-longest river in Asia

The river is a Trade route between Western China and Southeast Asia

Rises from Tibetan Plateau

Countries- China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam

South China Sea

The River of West Africa

Source- Guinea Highlands

Countries- Nigeria, Mali, Niger, Algeria, Guinea, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad

Gulf of Guinea

Also called- Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet, Siang, or Dihang River in Arunachal Pradesh

The river is a transboundary river

Originates from Mansarovar Lake, near Mount Kailash, Tibet,

Countries- India, China, Nepal, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan


Murray is the longest river in Australia

Australian Alps (Murray), New South Wales (Darling)


Southern Ocean

Longest River in Europe

Situated in Russia

Russia Caspian Sea

Transboundary river of Asia, a trans – Himalayan river of South and Central Asia

Source- Western Tibet

Pakistan (93%), India, and China

Arabian Sea

Tributary of the Amazon River in South America

Brazil, Peru Amazon
Irawadi Northern Myanmar Andaman Sea
San Francisco Brazil Atlantic Ocean
Salween China, Myanmar, Thailand Andaman Sea

The second-longest river in Europe

Romania, Hungary, Austria, Serbia, Germany, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Ukraine Black Sea

The fourth-longest river in Africa

Zambia, Angola, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Namibia, Botswana Mozambique Channel


Paraguay River

The major river in South-central South America

Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina Parana

Also called Yaik

The Ural arises near Mount Kruglaya in the Ural Mountains

Russia, Kazakhstan

Caspian Sea

One of the major rivers of Europe

Rising in Valdai Hills, Russia

Countries- Ukraine, Belarus, Russia

Black Sea
Negro (Rio Negro, Guainia)

Largest left tributary of river Amazon.

The largest Blackwater river in the world

Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia Amazon

One of the longest rivers in South America

Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana Atlantic Ocean
Limpopo Rises in South Africa

Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana

Indian Ocean
Volta River

West African River

Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, Benin Gulf of Guinea

One of the major rivers in Europe

Germany, Switzerland, Netherlands, France, Luxembourg, Austria, Belgium, Liechtenstein, Italy North Sea



Major rivers of the world

                                  Major rivers of the world

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