List of Important Glaciers of Himalayan mountain

The Glaciers are reservoirs of freshwater. They are formed from a mass of compacted recrystallized snow with the ability to flow. In simple words, the glacier is a huge mass of ice that moves slowly over land. As per National Snow & Ice Data Center, it occupies the world’s 10 % area. Here we have listed some important mountain glaciers of India which are relevant to the examination.


Name of Glaciers Location
Siachen Glacier

The largest glacier in India, and the second-largest glacier outside the polar and sub-polar regions of the world. Siachen glacier is sometimes called the third pole. source-

Eastern Karakoram mountain range, Jammu and Kashmir in Nubra valley.
Gangotri Glacier

It is one of the largest glaciers in the Garhwal Himalayas with a length of 30.20 km. Bhagirathi river originates from Gomukhi, the snout of the Gangotri glacier.

Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand, Kumaon- Garhwal
Pindari Glacier

Altitude- 3353 m, length 3 km, and breadth 0.25 km. located between snow-capped Nanda Devi and the Nandakot mountains. river Pindari originates from this glacier.

Kumaon-Garhwal, Nanda Devi, Uttarakhand
Biafo Glacier

It creates the world’s longest glacial system outside of the polar regions. it is about 59 km in length. Fourth longest glacier outside the polar region.

Jammu & Kashmir, Karakoram Mountain Range.
Hipsar Glacier

62 km in length, it is the third-longest glacier outside the Polar region. It flows southward.

Jammu & Kashmir, Karakoram Mountain Range.
Batura Jammu &Kashmir, Karakoram Mountain Range
Baltoro Glacier Jammu & Kashmir, Karakoram Mountain Range.
Milam Glacier

It is 15 km in length

Trishul Peak, Kumayun Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand
Zemu Glacier

The largest glacier in Eastern Himalayas, source of Tista river

Eastern Himalayan located on Kanchenjunga peak, Sikkim
Chongo lungma Glacier

50 km in length, flowing towards east.

Karakoram Mountain Range, Jammu, and Kashmir.
Gasherbrum Glacier

21 km in length

Karakoram range
Mana Glacier along the border of Uttarakhand and Tibet
Daimir Glacier Gilgit Baltistan, Karakoram Mountain Range.


Some other Facts about glaciers asked in State PSCs and UPSC exams:

Which is the largest Glacier in the world?

Lambert-Fisher Glacier (Antarctica) is the largest in the world, 400km in length and 40 km wide.

What is the Name of the smallest glacier in the world?

Gem glacier, smallest glacier in the U.S

  • Glaciers of Kilimanjaro – In Africa: The ice-cover of these are disappearing very fast and these cannot be reserved.
  • Heard Island situated In- Australia
  • Vatnajokull Glacier– In Europe
  • Hubbard Glacier– North America
  • Perito Moreno glacier- South America
  • Fedchenko Glacier– A large glacier in the Yazgulem Range, Pamir Mountains, in Tajikistan.


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