Delhi sultanate, Mughals, and mind map of Modern History

Contents in the post– The chronology and mind map of the medieval history of India, including classification of Medival period, Mind Maps, The mind map and Chronology of Delhi  Sultanate, Mind map and Chronology of Mughals, and the short note of Modern chronology, mind map. 

Delhi Sultanate

The Turkish invasion of India by Muhammad Ghori in 1173 to 1202. The brave Rajput chiefs of northern India headed by Prithvi Raj Chauhan defeated him in the First Battle of Terrain in 1191 A.D.

After about a year, Muhammad Ghori came again to avenge his defeat. A furious battle was fought again in Terrain in 1192 A.D. in which the Rajputs were defeated and Prithvi Raj Chauhan was captured and put to death and laid the foundations of Muslim rule in northern India. He nominated his Slave Qutub ud-din Aibak as governor of India, the Turkish came into power in Delhi.

Chronology of Delhi Sultanate

Mamluk or Slave Dynasty-(1206-1290)- Founded by Qutub-ud-din Aibak 

Chronology of Slave Dynasty:

  • Qutub-ud-din Aibak- 1206-1210
  • Aram Shah- 1210- 1211
  • Iltutmish (1211- 36)
  • Ruknuddin-1236
  • Rajiya Sultana (1236-40)
  • Muiz ud din Bahram- 1240-42
  • Alaudin Masud- 1242-46
  • Nasiruddin Mahmud- 1246-66
  • Ghiasudin Balban- 1266- 1286
  • Muizdin Qaiqabad- 1286- 1290

Important: Construction of Qutub Minar by Qutubindin Aibak, which was finished by his successor. Construction of Qwat ul- Islam, at Delhi. Adhai din ka jhopra constructed in Ajmer.


Chronology of Khilji dynasty:

  • Jalaluddin Khilji (1290-96)
  • Allauddin Khilji (1296-1316)
  • Umar Khan Khilji (1316)
  • Qutub ud din Mubarak Shah (1316-1320)
  • Khusro Khan- (1320)

The chronology of Tughlqus: 

  • Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq (1320-24)
  • Muhammad bin-Tughluq (1325-51)
  • Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351-88)
  • Abu Bakar Shah- (1389-90)
  • Sultan Nasir-ud-din Tughluq (1394-1413)
Delhi Sultanate- Mind map of Tughlaq Dynasty

Delhi Sultanate- Mind map of Tughlaq Dynasty

Sayyid Dynasty-(1414-1451)

Sayyid Dynasty was founded by Khizr Khan, a former governor of Multan, they succeeded the Tughlaq dynasty and ruled the sultanate until they were displaced by the Lodi dynasty.

  • Khizr Khan- (1414-1421)
  • Mubarak Shah- (1421-1434)
  • Muhammad Shah-(1434- 1445)
  • Alam Shah- (1445-1451)
Mind map - Sayyad Dynasty/ Sayyid Dynasty

Mind map – Sayyad Dynasty/ Sayyid Dynasty

Lodi’s- (1451-1526)

Lodi Dynasty was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi. The Lodi dynasty was an Afghan dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1451 to 1526.

  • BahlolLodi- (1451-1489)
  • Sikandar Lodi-(1489-1517) 
  • Ibrahim Lodi- (1517-26)     

Important: The First Battle of Panipat was fought between the invading forces of Babur and the Lodi Empire, which took place on 21 April 1526 in North India. It marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire. This was one of the earliest battles involving gunpowder firearms and field artillery.

Delhi sultanate Mughals map

Mind Map- Lodhi Dynasty

Chronology of Mughals

The Chronology of the Mughals is as follows:

    • Babar-(1526-1530)
    • Humayun(1530-40, 1554-56)
    • Akbar- (1556-1605)
    • Jahangir-(1605-27)
    • Shah Jahan (1628-57)
    • Aurangzeb- (1658-1707)

    after Aurangzeb, the decline of the Mughals was initiated. After Aurangzeb, there are external as well as internal challenges in front of the Mughals. The external challenge was invasions of foreigners Internal challenge was weak rulers in the empire. after 1707 the Mughals’ rule is called the Later Mughal Period (1707 to 1857)

    • Bahadur Shah – (1707-12)
    • Jahandar Shah-(1712-13)
    • Farrkuhsiyar-(1713-18)
    • Muhammad Shah- (1719-48) 
      • Nadir Shah Persian emperor attacked in his reign in(1738-39). He looted the peacock throne and Kohinoor diamond with seventy crore rupees.
    • Ahmad Shah-(1748-54)
      • He was an incompetent ruler, he left the empire in the hands of Udham Bai. Ahmed Shah Abdali or Ahmed Shah Durrani was the successor of Nadir Shah- He Invaded India several times between 1748 and 1767.
    • Alamgir II- (1754-1759)
    • Shah Alam-(1759-1806) 
      • He issued Ferman to grant the right to the British to collect the revenue of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. After him, the Mughals became pensioners of English.
    • Akbar II- (1806-37)– Given the title “Raja” to Rammohan Rai.
    • Bahadur Shah II- (1837-57)– Captured by the British in the 1857 revolt and sent to Rangoon. Died in 1862.


    In South Bahmani and the Vijaynagar Kingdom during Medival India

    Vijaynagar Empire

    Sangama Dynasty:

    The Chronology of the Sangama Dynasty is as follows:

    • Harihar Raya I (1336 -1356)
    • Bukka Raya I (1356- 1377)
    • Harihar Raya II (1377- 1404)
    • Virupakha Raya (1404-1405)
    • Bukka Raya II (1405-1406)
    • Deva Raya I (1406- 1422)
    • Ramachadra Raya (1422)
    • Deva Raya II (1424-1446)
    • Mallikarjun Raya (1446- 1465)
    • Virupaksha Raya II (1465- 1485)
    • Praudha Raya (1485)


    Delhi sultanate, Mughals and mind map of Modern History

    main personalities, significant events, and issue


    Modern history period: 1857 to 1947, after 1947- Independent India.

    Stage of British in India:
    • The mercantile phase: 1757-1813, is known for the monopoly of trade and revenue collection.
    • The Industrial phase: 1813-1858, The period for free trade, and wars for political superiority.
    • The Financial phase: 1860 – 1947, Imperialism, they became a superpower in India, and mostly focus on the drainage of finance (money, as revenue and other raw materials) from India.

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    Nishant Pandey · November 19, 2020 at 7:07 pm

    Thank you for this stuff, this was very helpful for me.

      Sushma · November 19, 2020 at 11:28 pm

      Thanks Nishant Pandey… your reviw is very important for us

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