Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization
Indus valley civilization is also called Harappan Civilization. The site is famous for systematic planning based on-grid systems.
- Till now about 1400 sites are found belonging to the Indus valley civilization, out of which 925 sites are in India.
- Most of the Indus valley civilization was located in the valley of the Saraswati river (Extinct today). The river extended as Ghaggar in Punjab and Hakra in Baluchistan region.
- The Harappan Civilization was a Bronze age civilization, that extended from North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-west India.
- The main rivers basins on which the civilization furnished were the river basin of Indus and the Ghaggar-Harka.
- Surkotda, Lothal, and Dholavira are important port towns of the Indus Valley Civilization.
- Harappa, Mohanjodaro, Banwali, and Dholavira are the other four major important sites of the Indus Valley Civilization.
List of Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization given in the table
|Name of site||year||excavator||State/district/Region||Findings|
|1921||Dayaram Sahni||Harappa is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, west of Sahiwal.
This site is situated on the left bank of the Ravi river
|Granaries, coffin burial (only found at Harappa)
a lot of artifacts, important Indus Valley Civilization town.
Harappa is the first town which is excavated and studied in detail
(Mound of Dead Man)
|1922||RD Banerjee||Situated in Larkana district Sindh Pakistan
On the right bank of river Indus
Bronze dancing girl,
Bearded man, terracotta toys, Bull seal, Pashupati seal,
three cylindrical seals of the Mesopotamian type, and a piece of woven cloth found from here.
|1927||RL stein||The westernmost archaeological site of Indus valley
Situated in Baluchistan, on the western bank of the Dasht River.
|Bangles of clay,
Westernmost known site of IVC
Trade between Harappa and Babylon
Bacteria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC) associated copper bronze disc
|1931||N Gopal Majumdar, Mackey||Situated in Sindh Pakistan on the bank of left Indus||Bead making factory,
use of lipstick
|Amri||1935||NG Majumdar||Situated in Sindh Pakistan on the bank of Indus||Remains of rhinoceros|
|Kalibangan||1953||A Ghosh||Situated in Rajasthan on the left bank of Ghaggar||Baked/burnt bangles
small circular pits containing large urns and accompanied by pottery,
Bones of camel
|Kot Diji||1953||Fazal Ahmed||Situated on the left bank of Indus In Pakistan||House fortified, made from unbaked mud-bricks
|Rangpur||1953||MS Vats, BB Lal and SR Rao||Situated on the left bank of Mahar river(Gujarat)||Seaport|
|Ropar||1953||YD Sharma||Situated in Panjab on the bank of Sutlej||125 Burials found|
|Lothal||1953||SR Rao||Situated in Gujarat on the confluence of Sabarmati and Bhogava river near Gulf of Cambay
It was the only site of Idus Civilisation with an artificial brick dockyard
Ivory weight balance
Man-made port (First)
|Alamgirpur||1958||YD Sharma||Situated in Meerut on the bank of Hindon river||Ceramic items found included roof tiles, dishes, cups, vases, cubicle dice, beads,
Terracotta cakes, carts
Broken blade made up of Copper
|1958||B. P. Bopardikar||Situated on the left bank of Pravara River, a tributary of the Godavari River.
Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra state in India.
|A sculpture of a bronze chariot, driving by a man 16 cm high standing in it
Three other bronze sculptures
|Rakhigarhi||1963||Prof Surajbhan||Drishdavati – Hissar district Haryana (India) on Ghaggar river||Terracotta wheels
|Surkotada||1964||JP Joshi||Situated in Kutch (Bhuj) (Gujarat)||Bones of a horse found (The only site)|
|Banawali||1974||RS Bisht||Situated in Hissar (Haryana)||Barley
Figure of plough
Radial street (only city)
|Dholavira||1985||RS Bisht||Gujrat in Rann of Kutch||The only site divided into three parts
Exclusive water management
Giant water reservoir
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