Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization

Indus valley civilization is also called Harappan Civilization. The site is famous for systematic planning based on-grid systems.

  • Till now about 1400 sites are found belonging to the Indus valley civilization, out of which 925 sites are in India.
  • Most of the Indus valley civilization was located in the valley of the Saraswati river (Extinct today). The river extended as Ghaggar in Punjab and Hakra in Baluchistan region.
  • The Harappan Civilization was a Bronze age civilization, that extended from North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-west India.
  • The main rivers basins on which the civilization furnished were the river basin of Indus and the Ghaggar-Harka.
  • Surkotda, Lothal, and Dholavira are important port towns of the Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Harappa, Mohanjodaro, Banwali, and Dholavira are the other four major important sites of the Indus Valley Civilization.
List of Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization  given in the table
Name of site year excavator State/district/Region Findings


1921 Dayaram Sahni Harappa is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, west of Sahiwal.

This site is situated on the left bank of the Ravi river


Granaries, coffin burial (only found at Harappa)

a lot of artifacts, important Indus Valley Civilization town.

Harappa is the first town which is excavated and studied in detail


(Mound of Dead Man)


1922 RD Banerjee Situated in Larkana district Sindh Pakistan

On the right bank of river Indus


Great bath,

great granary,

Bronze dancing girl,

Bearded man, terracotta toys, Bull seal, Pashupati seal,

three cylindrical seals of the Mesopotamian type, and a piece of woven cloth found from here.



1927 RL stein The westernmost archaeological site of Indus valley

Situated in Baluchistan, on the western bank of the Dasht River.

Bangles of clay,

Westernmost known site of IVC

Trade between Harappa and Babylon

Stone Vessels

Flint Blades


Bacteria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC) associated copper bronze disc



1931 N Gopal Majumdar, Mackey Situated in Sindh Pakistan on the bank of left Indus Bead making factory,

use of lipstick

Amri 1935 NG Majumdar Situated in Sindh Pakistan on the bank of Indus Remains of rhinoceros
Kalibangan 1953 A Ghosh Situated in Rajasthan on the left bank of Ghaggar Baked/burnt bangles

fire altars

small circular pits containing large urns and accompanied by pottery,

Bones of camel

Kot Diji 1953 Fazal Ahmed Situated on the left bank of Indus In Pakistan House fortified, made from unbaked mud-bricks

Developed pottery

Rangpur 1953 MS Vats, BB Lal and SR Rao Situated on the left bank of Mahar river(Gujarat) Seaport
Ropar 1953 YD Sharma Situated in Panjab on the bank of Sutlej 125 Burials found
Lothal 1953 SR Rao Situated in Gujarat on the confluence of Sabarmati and Bhogava river near Gulf of Cambay

It was the only site of Idus Civilisation with an artificial brick dockyard


Ivory weight balance

Copper dog

Man-made port (First)

Rice husk

Fire alters


Alamgirpur 1958 YD Sharma Situated in Meerut on the bank of Hindon river Ceramic items found included roof tiles, dishes, cups, vases, cubicle dice, beads,

Terracotta cakes, carts

Broken blade made up of Copper



(Late Harappan)

1958 B. P. Bopardikar Situated on the left bank of Pravara River, a tributary of the Godavari River.

Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra state in India.

A sculpture of a bronze chariot, driving by a man 16 cm high standing in it

Three other bronze sculptures

Rakhigarhi 1963 Prof Surajbhan Drishdavati – Hissar district Haryana (India) on Ghaggar river Terracotta wheels


figurines, pottery

Surkotada 1964 JP Joshi Situated in Kutch (Bhuj) (Gujarat) Bones of a horse found (The only site)
Banawali 1974 RS Bisht Situated in Hissar (Haryana) Barley


Figure of plough

Radial street (only city)


(40th world heritage site of India)

1985 RS Bisht Gujrat in Rann of Kutch The only site divided into three parts

Exclusive water management

Giant water reservoir


Rock-cut architecture



major sites of Indus valley civilization

Major sites of Indus valley civilization

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40th World Heritage Site of India - PCSSTUDIES - Current Affaires · September 22, 2021 at 10:59 pm

[…] is the 5th largest metropolis of Indus Valley Civilization Site after Mohenjodaro, Genweriwala, Harappa, and […]

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