Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization

Indus valley civilization is also called Harappan Civilization. The site is famous for systematic planning based on-grid systems. The Harappan Civilization was a Bronze age civilization, that extended from North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-west India.

Important Facts About Indus Valley Civilization:

  • Till now about 1400 sites are found belonging to the Indus valley civilization, out of which 925 sites are in India.
  • Most of the Indus valley civilization was located in the valley of the Saraswati river (Extinct today). The river extended as Ghaggar in Punjab and Hakra in Baluchistan region.
  • The main rivers basins on which the civilization furnished were the river basin of Indus and the Ghaggar-Harka.
  • Surkotda, Lothal, and Dholavira are important port towns of the Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Harappa, Mohanjodaro, Banwali, and Dholavira are the other four major important sites of the Indus Valley Civilization.
List of Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization  given in the table
Name of site and year of finding excavator State/district/Region Findings
Harappa

1921

Dayaram Sahni Harappa is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, west of Sahiwal.

This site is situated on the left bank of the Ravi river

 

Granaries, coffin burial (only found at Harappa)

a lot of artifacts, important Indus Valley Civilization town.

Harappa is the first town which is excavated and studied in detail

Mohenjodaro

(Mound of Dead Man)

1922

RD Banerjee Situated in Larkana district Sindh Pakistan

On the right bank of river Indus

 

Great bath,

great granary,

Bronze dancing girl,

Bearded man, terracotta toys, Bull seal, Pashupati seal,

three cylindrical seals of the Mesopotamian type, and a piece of woven cloth found from here.

Sutkangedor

1927

RL stein The westernmost archaeological site of Indus valley

Situated in Baluchistan, on the western bank of the Dasht River.

Bangles of clay,

Westernmost known site of IVC

Trade between Harappa and Babylon

Stone Vessels

Flint Blades

pottery

Bacteria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC) associated copper bronze disc

Chahundaro

1931

N Gopal Majumdar, Mackey Situated in Sindh Pakistan on the bank of left Indus Bead making factory,

use of lipstick

Amri

1935

NG Majumdar Situated in Sindh Pakistan on the bank of Indus Remains of rhinoceros
Kalibangan

1953

A Ghosh Situated in Rajasthan on the left bank of Ghaggar Baked/burnt bangles

fire altars

small circular pits containing large urns and accompanied by pottery,

Bones of camel

Kot Diji

1953

Fazal Ahmed Situated on the left bank of Indus In Pakistan House fortified, made from unbaked mud-bricks

Developed pottery

Rangpur

1953

MS Vats, BB Lal and SR Rao Situated on the left bank of Mahar river(Gujarat) Seaport
Ropar

1953

YD Sharma Situated in Panjab on the bank of Sutlej 125 Burials found
Lothal

1953

SR Rao Situated in Gujarat on the confluence of Sabarmati and Bhogava river near Gulf of Cambay

It was the only site of Idus Civilisation with an artificial brick dockyard

Graveyard

Ivory weight balance

Copper dog

Man-made port (First)

Rice husk

Fire alters

Chess-playing

Alamgirpur

1958

YD Sharma Situated in Meerut on the bank of Hindon river Ceramic items found included roof tiles, dishes, cups, vases, cubicle dice, beads,

Terracotta cakes, carts

Broken blade made up of Copper

Cloth

Daimbad

(Late Harappan)

1958

B. P. Bopardikar Situated on the left bank of Pravara River, a tributary of the Godavari River.

Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra state in India.

A sculpture of a bronze chariot, driving by a man 16 cm high standing in it

Three other bronze sculptures

Rakhigarhi

1963

Prof Surajbhan Drishdavati – Hissar district Haryana (India) on Ghaggar river Terracotta wheels

Toys

figurines, pottery

Surkotada

1964

JP Joshi Situated in Kutch (Bhuj) (Gujarat) Bones of a horse found (The only site)
Banawali

1974

RS Bisht Situated in Hissar (Haryana) Barley

Terracotta

Figure of plow

Radial street (only city)

Dholavira

(40th world heritage site of India)

1985

RS Bisht Gujrat in Rann of Kutch The only site divided into three parts

Exclusive water management

Giant water reservoir

Dams

Rock-cut architecture

Stadium

 

major sites of Indus valley civilization

Major sites of Indus valley civilization

You can also read:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Indus_Valley_Civilisation_sites

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