A complete list of Viceroys of India and significant Events in their rule.

Click here for a list of Governor-General of India

1. Lord Canning (1858-1862)

  • He served as the last governor-general during 1856- 57.
  • The Government of India Act, 1858– Transfer of power to the Crown from East India Company.  
  • White mutiny by European troops -1859.
  • The Police Act of 1861, and
  •  Indian Council Act of 1861

2. Lord Elgin I (1862-63)

  • Wahabi Movement

3. Lord John Lawrence (1864-1869)

  • Bhutan war – 1865.
  • Establishment of High court at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1865.

4. Lord Mayo (1869-1872)

  • Rajkot College in Kathiawar and Mayo college at Ajmer.
  • Statistical survey of India Established.
  • Department of Agriculture and commerce established.
  • State railway introduced.

5. Lord Northbrook (1872-76)

  • Prince of Wales visit in 1875.
  • Trail of Gaekwar of Baroda.
  • The Kuka movement in Punjab.

6. Lord Lytton (1876- 1880)

  • Famine (scarcity of food) of 1876-78, Under the presidency of Richard Strachey- appointment of Famine Commission in 1878.
  • Royal title Act of 1876- Queen Victoria assumed the title – ‘Kaiser-i-Hind ‘or ‘Queen Empress of India”. By this, the theory came that Britain would protect Indian states from internal as well as external problems.
  • The Vernacular Press Act of 1878.
  • The Arms Act- 1878.
  • The second afghan War 1878-1880.

7.Lord Ripon (1880-1884)

  • Vernacular Press Act Repealed in 1882.
  • For improving Labour conditions – The First Factory Act 1881.
  • Resolution of government on Local self-government -1882
  • Under chairman Sir William Hunter- Education Commission Appointed.
  • The controversy of Ilbert bill 1883-84.

8.Lord Dufferin (1884- 1888)

  • Third Burmese War (1885-86)
  • Indian National Congress established.

9. Lord Lansdowne (1888- 1894).

  • Factory Act of 1891.
  • Civil services categorized into imperial, provisional, and subordinate.
  • Indian Council Act-1892.
  • Durand commission – 1893- for defining Duran line between India and Afghanistan, (now in between Pakistan and Afghanistan, it also touches a small portion of India in POK).  

10. Lord Elgin II (1894-1899)

  • Chapekar Brothers assassinated two British officials-1897.

11. Lord Curzon (1899- 1905)

  • To review Police administration- The Police commission appointed in 1902 – Under Sir Andrew Frazer.
  • University Commission- 1902 and Indian Universities Act- 1904
  • Calcutta Corporation Act- 1899.
  • Ancient Monument Preservation Act-1904.
  • Partition of Bengal- 1905.
  • Curzon- Kitchener controversy.
  • Younghusband’s Mission to Tibet – 1904.

12. Lord Minto II (1905-1910)

  • Anti-partition and Swadeshi Movement Popularized.  
  • In the annual session of 1907, there was a split in Congress.
  • Aga Khan Established the Muslim league in 1906.

13. Lord Harding II (1910-1916)

  • Like Bombay and Madras, the Bengal Presidency was Created in 1911.
  • The Capital transferred from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911.
  • Madan Mohan Malaviya established Hindu Mahasabha in 1915.
  • Coronation durbar- King George V held in Delhi in 1911.

14. Lord Chelmsford (1916-21)

  • Annie Besant and Tilak formed Home Rule Leagues in 1916.
  • Lucknow session of congress 1916.
  • Lucknow pact – between Congress and the Muslim League in 1916.
  • the foundation of Sabarmati Ashram – 1916.
  • Champaran Satyagraha – 1916
  • Kheda Satyagraha-1918.
  • Satyagraha at Ahmedabad- 1918.
  • Montague’s August Declaration- 1917.
  • Government of India Act- 1919.
  • Rowlett Act- 1919,
  • The Jallianwalla Bagh massacre- 1919.
  • Non-Cooperation and Khilafat Movement launched.
  • Saddler’s commission 1917-for reform in Educational Policy.
  • Death of Tilak – 1 August 1920.
  • First Indian Became a governor- S.P.Sinha appointed as Governor of Bihar.

15. Lord Reading (1919- 1926)

  • The incidence of Chauri Chaura- February 5, 1922, and withdrawal of Non- Cooperation Movement.
  • Moplah rebellion- Kerala in 1921.
  • Repeal of press Act 1910 and Rowlatt Act of 1919.
  • Robbery in Kakori train- 1925.
  • C.R Dass and Motilal Nehru established the Swaraj Party – 1922.
  • Examination for ICS Both in London and Delhi came into effect from 1923.

16. Lord Irwin (1926- 1931)

  • Simon commission in India- 1928.
  • For the suggestion (Frame) of the constitution of India, A conference of all parties held at Lucknow in 1928, the report called Nehru Report.
  • Murder of Saunders, Bomb blast in Assembly hall of Delhi,1929
  • Purna Swaraj Resolution in 1929 in Lahore session of Congress.
  • Gandhi started Dandi March (12 March 1930), Launched the Civil Disobedience Movement.
  • “Deepavali Declaration” by Lord Irwin – 1929.
  • Gandhi – Irwin Pact- 1931 and the Civil Disobedience Movement suspended.

17. Lord Willingdon (1931- 1936)

  • The second round table Conference (1931) failed and the Civil disobedience movement resumed.
  • Separate communal electorate setup.
  • Poona Pact 1932.
  • Third Round Table Conference 1932.
  • Individual Civil Disobedience- 1933.
  • The government of India Act of- 1935.
  • All India Kishan Sabha Established- 1936
  • Congress Socialist Party – 1934- By Acharya Narendra Dev and Jayaprakash Narayan.
  • Burma separated from India in 1935.

18. Lord Linlithgow (1936- 1944)

  • Congress got absolute majority in First General Election- 1936-37.
  • In the 51st session of congress (1938) Subhash Chandra Bose elected as president of the congress.
  • August offer- 1940.
  • In 1940 – Winston Churchill was elected as prime minister of England.
  • Quit India Resolution- 1942 ( crips offer failed, Prominent leaders arrested)
  • “Divide and Quit” slogan at Karachi session -1944, of Muslim League.

19. Lord Wavell (1944- 1947)

  • C.R Formula- 1944, (Gandhi and Jinnah Talk Failed as Jinnah rejected the offer because he wanted congress to accept the two-nation theory).
  • Wavell Plan (Shimla Conference- June 1945)
  • End of second world war in 1945.
  • Cabinet Mission (May 1946).
  • ‘Direct Action Day’- 16 August 1946, also called 1946 “Calcutta killings” by Muslim league.
  • Interim Government was formed by Congress in September 1946. (September 2, 1946- August 15, 1947.)
  • The end of British Rule in India was announced on February 20, 1947- by Clement Attlee (PM of England).  

20. Lord Mountbatten (1947-1948)

  • Indian Independence Bill introduced in House of commons.
  • Boundary commission appointed under Sir Cyril Redcliff for partition.

You can also read: List of Governors general  of India 

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4 Comments

Governors General of India - All Competitive Classes % · February 3, 2021 at 5:04 pm

[…] here for the list of Viceroys of India                                                                    […]

The Revolt of 1857 - PCSSTUDIES - Modern History · March 9, 2021 at 10:49 pm

[…] The General Service Enlistment Act of 1856 was passed by Lord Canning. […]

Governors General of India - PCSSTUDIES % History · April 6, 2021 at 3:03 pm

[…] here for the list of Viceroys of India                                                                    […]

White Mutiny (1859-1861) - PCSSTUDIES - Modern History · September 15, 2021 at 12:43 am

[…] Lord Canning’s legalistic interpretation of the laws surrounding the transfer also infuriated the affected white soldiers. […]

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