List of Governors general  of India and Significant events in their rule                                                                                  

1.Warren Hastings (1772-1785)

  • Regulating Act of 1773
  • Power of jurisdiction divided between Governor-general and the supreme court of Calcutta under Act of 1781.
  • Pitts India Act of 1784
  • Foundation of Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1784.

Wars during his ruling time

  • In 1774 the Rohilla war.
  • First Maratha war in 1775-82 and Treaty of Salbai in 1782
  • 2nd Mysore War (Haidar Ali against British) in 1780-84

2. Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793)

  • Third Mysore war 1790-92 (death of Tipu Sultan in 1792) and treaty of Seringapatam in 1792.
  • Cornwallis Code – 1793, incorporated many judicial reforms, separation of civil jurisdiction and revenue administration.
  • In 1793, the permanent settlement of Bengal.
  • Introduction of civil services.

3. Sir John shore (1793- 1798)

  • The charter Act of 1793
  • In 1795, the Battle of Kharda between Maratha and Nizam.  

4. Lord Wellesley (1798-1805)

  • Subsidiary alliance system introduced in 1798, the first Alliance was with the Nizam of Hyderabad. (In subsidiary Alliance the Indian states forced or compelled to have a British official as a resident at court and also to accept permanent British force and pay a subsidy for its maintenance.)  
  • The fourth Mysore war, 1799.
  • 2nd Maratha war- 1803- 05.
  • The administration of Tanjore-1799, Surat-1800, and Carnatic- 1801 was taken over.
  • Treaty of Bassein- 1802.

5. Sir George Barlow (1805-1807)

  • Mutiny of Vellore-1806.

6.Lord Minto I – (1807- 1813)

  • In 1809 the treaty of Amritsar with Ranjit Singh.

7. Lord Hastings (1813-1823)

  • The Anglo-Nepal war (1814-1816) – Nepal defeated, and the Treaty of Sagauli in 1816.
  • Third Maratha war (1817-19)- Maratha defeated, Bombay presidency created in 1818.
  • Treaty of Sindhia in 1817.
  • Thomas Munro the Governor of Madras established the Ryotwari system in 1820.

8. Lord Amherst (1823-1828)

  • First Burmese War – (1824-1826).
  • Bharatpur was captured in 1820.

9. Lord William Bentick (1828-1835)

  • Abolition of Sati and other cruel rights in 1829.
  • Subduing Thugs in 1830.
  • Charter Act of 1833.
  • Educational reforms and English were introduced as an official language.
  • Occupation of Mysore (1831), Coorg (1834), central Cachar in 1834.
  • Treaty of friendship with Ranjeet Singh.
  • Abolition of the provincial court of appeal and other circuits settled by Cornwallis, the appointment of commissioners of revenue and circuit.  

10. Lord Metcalfe (1835-36)

  • He removed restrictions on the press by New press law.

11. Lord Auckland (1836-42)

  • During his time- First Afghan war (1838-42)
  • Death of Ranjeet Singh (1839).

12. Lord Ellenborough (1842-1844)

  • Invasion of Sindh – 1843.
  • War with Gwalior- 1843.

13. Lord Harding- I (1844-1848)

  • First Anglo Sikh war in 1845-46, Punjab army defeated, Treaty of Lahore in 1846.
  • Abolition of female infanticides and other social reforms like Human sacrifice.

14. Lord Dalhousie (1848- 1856)

  • 2nd Anglo Sikh war 1848-49, invasion of Punjab.
  • Invasion of Pegu or Lower Burma in 1852.
  • The doctrine of Lapse introduced and occupation of Satara- 1848, Jaitpur and Sambalpur- 1849, Udaipur- 1852, Jhansi- 1853, Nagpur- 1854, and Awadh- 1856.
  • ‘Wood’s Educational dispatch- 1854, Anglo vernacular schools and Government colleges opened.
  • The first railway line lay down in 1853, connecting Bombay and Thane.
  • Telegraph (1851) connecting- Calcutta with Bombay, Madras, and Peshawar.
  • Postal reforms – Post office Act- 1854
  • 1855- Santhal Rebellion.
  • Widow Remarriage Act-1856.
Picture of India during the time of governor general Dalhousie
India During Dalhousie’s Administration
.

15. Lord Canning (1856- 1857)

  • University of Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay established in 1857.
  • revolt of 1857.

governor general of India

 

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6 Comments

Nishant Pandey · November 19, 2020 at 7:05 pm

Very helpful for me.

    Sushma · November 19, 2020 at 11:29 pm

    Thanks alot for Your review..

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