Important Wars and Battles fought in Indian History

Many battles have been fought in our past, many of them are important for exams, often they are asked in the UPSC, PCS, and other Exams. We are listing here important battles always asked in exams.

Battle Fought between Battle won by
Battle of the ten kings

(14th century BCE)

Source: Rig Veda

The Rigvedic Kingdom was conquered by Sudas. Bharatas settle in Kurukshetra. The emergence of the Kuru Kingdom

The war fought near River Ravi (Parushni river), Punjab

King Sudas of Trustu -Bharata Tribe
Battle of the Hydaspes

326 BCE

Fought between Alexander against Porous, on the bank of Jhelum The victory of the Macedonian empire.  (Greek)

 

Battle of Kalinga

226 BC

The Kalinga War was fought in ancient India between the Maurya Empire under Ashoka and the state of Kalinga Maurya Empire
Battle of Venni

 

Battle of Venni is a military engagement fought by the early historic Chola (Uraiyur) ruler Karikala with a confederacy of Pandya (Madurai) and Chera rulers. Cholas (Uraiyur)
Battle of Pullaur

 618

Chalukya king Pulkaesin II against Pallava king Mehendravarman I Chalukyas won the battle
Battle of Koppam

1054, or in 1052 CE according to Sen

The Battle of Koppam was a battle fought between the Medieval Chola king Rajadhiraja Chola and Rajendra Chola II with the Chalukya king Someshvara I in. Chola won the Battle
First Battle of Tarain

1192

Prithviraj Chauhan against Mohammed Ghori

 

 Pritviraj Chauhan Won
Second Battle of Tarain

1192

Prithviraj Chauhan against Mohammad Ghori Ghori won
The Battle of Chandawar

1194

The Battle of Chandawar was fought between Mohammad Ghori and Jaichand of Kannauj of the Gahadavala dynasty. It took place at Chandawar, on the Yamuna River close to Agra Ghori won
The First Battle of Panipat

21 April 1526

fought between the invading forces of Babar and the Lodi dynasty.

 

Babar won
Battle of Khanwa

March 16, 1527

The battle fought between the first Mughal Emperor Babur, near the village of Khanwa and the Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga of Mewar Mughal Won
Battle of Chanderi

1528

Babar against Medini Rai Babar Won the war
Battle of Ghaghra

1529

Babar Against sultan Mahmud Lodi Babar won the Battle
Battle of Chausa

26 June 1539

The Afgan Sher Shah Suri Against Mughal emperor Humayun, at Chausa, Buxar in Bihar. Sher Shah won,

Humayun lost the battle and escaped from Battlefied to save his life

Second Battle of Panipat

on 5 November 1556

Fought between Hindu emperor Hemu and Forces of Mughal emperor Akbar. Akbar (Mughal) won the battle
Battle of Talikota

1565

the battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire (Aditya Rama Raya)  and an alliance of the Deccan sultanates (Ahmednagar, Bijapur, Bidar, and Golconda). alliance of the Deccan sultanates (Ahmednagar, Bijapur, Bidar, and Golconda) Won the Battle.
Battle of Haldighati

18 June 1576

Fought between Maharana Pratap of Mewar and the Mughal emperor Akbar’s forces, led by Man Singh Mughal won the Battle
Battle of Purandar

1665

fought between the Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire Mughal won
First Carnatic War

1746-48

Read more

Fought between English and French Forces in India

In the Carnatic region, Southern India

Inconclusive
Second Carnatic War

1749- 1754

Read more

the war was triggered by a succession struggle in Hyderabad, After the death of Nizam-ul-Mulk in 1748 French prompted to suspend hostilities in India.

Both parties left in possession of the territories occupied by them at the time of the treaty

Battle of Plassey

23 June 1757

Read more

the decisive victory of the British East India Company over a much larger force of the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies under the leadership of Robert Clive. the decisive victory of the British East India Company
Third Carnatic War (1758-63)

read more

Battle of Wandiwash – 1760 was a Part of the third Carnatic War.

The war fought between The British and French

The Battle of Wandiwash was a battle in India between the French and the British in 1760

The British defeated the French
Third Battle of Panipat

14 Jan 1761

Fought between the Maratha Empire (was led by Sadashivrao Bhau ) and the invading Afghan army, supported by four Indian allies, the Rohillas under the command of Najib-ud-daulah, Afghans of the Doab region, and the Nawab of Awadh, Shuja-ud-Daula. Afghan won the war

Treaty of Surat

The Battle of Buxar

October 1764

Read more 

Fought between British East India Company, led by Hector Munro and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal till 1764; the Nawab of Awadh Shuja-ud-Daula; and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II accompanied by Raja Balwant Singh of Kashi British won the Battle, which ended with the Treaty of Allahabad in 1765

 

First Anglo – Mysore war

1767- 1769

Fought between East India Company and Hyder Ali of Mysore, in South India Mysore won the war
Second Anglo – Mysore War

1780 – 84

Hyder Ali of Mysore against British East India Company Treaty of Mangalore
The Battle of Pollilur

27 August 1781

Fought between the Kingdom of Mysore under Hyder Ali and British East India Company forces led by General Eyre Coote The company force was almost completely routed or captured.
Third Anglo – Mysore war

1790 – 92

Fought between British East India Company against Tipu Sultan of Mysore The victory of British, Treaty of Srirangpattam
Fourth Anglo – Mysore War

1799

Fought between British East India Company and Tipu Sultan of Mysore British won the war and captured Mysore, and Tipu was killed in the war.
First Anglo – Maratha War

1775 – 1782

Fought between British and Maratha Victory of Marathas
Second Anglo – Maratha War

1803 – 1805

Maratha against British Victory of British
Third Anglo – Marath war

1817 – 1818

Fought between East India Company and Maratha British won. Treaty of Mandasor
The First Anglo-Afghan War, also known by the British as the Disaster in Afghanistan 

1839 to 1842.

was fought between the British Empire and the Emirate of Afghanistan Won by Afgan

A tripartite treaty between Ranjeet Singh, Shah Shuja, and Lord Aukland.

2nd Anglo Afgan War

1778 – 80

British East India Company and Afghans Won by British East India Company

Treaty of Peshawar, Treaty of Gandamk

3rd Anglo Afgan war

1919

British East India Company and Afghans Won by Afghans, resulted in the treaty of Rawalpindi.
First Anglo – Sikh War

1845 -46

British East India Company against the Sikh Empire in Mudki, Punjab British won

Treaty of Bhairoawl

Second Anglo – Sikh War

1848 – 49

British East India Company against the Sikh Empire in Punjab Victory of British

 

You can also read:

Reference: NCERT books

Thank You 🙂

Spread Your Love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

1 Comment

Chronology of Ancient History of India - PCSSTUDIES - Ancient History · August 20, 2021 at 10:24 am

[…] Important Wars and Battles fought in Indian History […]

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: