One Rank One Pension (OROP)

The implementation of ONORP was demanded by Ex-Servicemen for more than 40 years, but it was finalized in 2015.

The Government accepted the ‘One Rank One Pension’ through its mention in the President’s address to both Houses of Parliament on 9 June 2014.

The historical decision to implement OROP was taken on 7th November 2015, with benefits effective from 1st July 2014.

  • Before the implementation of OROP, ex-servicemen were getting their pension as per the Pay Commission’s recommendation of the time when they had retired.

Table of Contents

Insights of OROP:

Koshiyari Committee:

The Koshiyari Committee was headed by BJP leader Bhagat Singh Koshiyari.

  • The demand for OROP was accepted by Koshiyari Committee.
  • The Committee had defined OROP as a uniform pension for all armed forces personnel retiring in the same rank and with the same years of service irrespective of their service date of retirement.
  • The Committee recommended annual revision under OROP.
Various committees and bodies for OROP in past:

The ‘One Rank One Pension’ had been considered in the past by various committees and bodies and was generally not found acceptable.

  • P. Singh Dev Committee (1984)
  • 4th Central Pay Commission
  • Sharad Pawar Committee (1991)
  • 5th Central Pay Commission
  • RM’s Committee report (June 2003): The RM’S Committee left the issue to be considered by the Inter-Ministerial Committee set up by the Government on the issue of ‘One Rank One Pension
  • Inter-Ministerial Committee: (27 Feb. 2003)
  • 6th Central Pay Commission
  • Cabinet Secretary Committee, 2009
  • Standing Committee- The Standing Committee in its 7th and 9th (15th Lok Sabha) Report again reiterated its stand on ‘One Rank One Pension’.
  • Rajya Sabha Petition Committee: Rajya Sabha Petition Committee in its 142nd Report stated that the Government should implement ‘One Rank One Pension’ in the Defence Forces across the board.
  • Cabinet Secretary Committee (2012): The Committee did not recommend the implementation of One Rank One Pension (ONORP), however, it recommended various other ways to enhance the pension of past retirees.

Objectives of the Scheme:

  • OROP implies that a Uniform pension is to be paid to the Armed Forces Personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service regardless of their date of retirement.
  • Thus, OROP implies bridging the gap between the rate of pension of current and past retirees at periodic intervals.
  • Armed Forces Personnel who retired up to 30 June 2014 were covered under OROP.

Benefits/ Salient Features of OROP:

The benefits of the OROP Scheme are:

  • Pension of Past pensioners would be re-fixed on the basis of the pension of retirees of the calendar year 2013 and the benefit will be effective from 1.07.2014.
  • pension will be re-fixed for all pensioners on the basis of an average of minimum and maximum pension of personnel retired in 2013 in the same rank and with the same length of service.
  • Pension for those drawing above average shall be protected.
  • Arrears will be paid in four equal half-yearly installments.
  • Pension would be re-fixed every 5 years.




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